This indicator is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators (2011) in the dimension "utilization".
It measures the share (%) of the total population with Access to Sanitation Facilities.
Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
This indicator provides information useful to assess the utilization dimension of food security outcomes. It corresponds to the MDG 7 target 7.C: "halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sutainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation".
The indicator, originally compiled by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (wssinfo.org), is also part of the World Development Indicators of the World Bank (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.H2O.SAFE.ZS)
To ensure wide dissemination of its information, FAO is committed to making its content freely available and encourages the use, reproduction and dissemination of the text, multimedia and data presented. Except where otherwise indicated, content may be copied, printed and downloaded for private study, research and teaching purposes, and for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO as the source and copyright holder is given and that FAO's endorsement of users' views, products or services is not stated or implied in any way.
More details in the FAO Terms and conditions webpage.