The challenges to tenure security in both urban and rural areas are not only large, but they are increasing due to the different types of pressures making land more and more scarce. There is growing acceptance that only by recognizing and supporting a continuum of land rights, can tenure security be reached for all people in an inclusive way.
In April 2019, UN Habitat through the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) and Global Urban Observatory (GUO) Units; with support from the Global Land Indicators Initiative (GLII) contacted National Statistical Offices (NSOs), National Land Registries and SDGs focal points with the aim of mobilizing existing data on land tenure security in response to SDGs indicator 1.4.2.
The aim of this policy paper is to present successful approaches to secure land tenure rights in rural and urban areas. To support future programmatic decisions by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), this paper focusses especially on impacts and good practices.
Since 2010, the GIZ Land Programme in Lao PDR has sought to improve the land tenure security of rural communities.
Land plays an important role in the economies of developing countries, and many theories connecting land inequality with different dimensions of economic development already exist.
This report reflects on the experience of DFID land programmes which include LTR across six countries (Guyana, Rwanda, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Mozambique), drawing also on relevant experiences of programmes driven by other donors.