International Institute for Environment and Development | Land Portal
Focal point:


80-86 Gray's Inn Road London WC1X 8NH, UK
Reino Unido


Our mission is to build a fairer, more sustainable world, using evidence, action and influence in partnership with others.

Who we are

IIED is one of the world’s most influential international development and environment policy research organisations. Founded in 1971 by economist Barbara Ward, who forged the concept and cause of sustainable development, we work with partners on five continents. We build bridges between policy and practice, rich and poor communities, the government and private sector, and across diverse interest groups. We contribute to many international policy processes and frameworks, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the UN conventions on climate change and biological diversity.

What we do

IIED carries out research, advice and advocacy work. We carry out action research — generating robust evidence and know-how that is informed by a practical perspective acquired through hands-on research with grassroots partners — and we publish in journals and maintain high research standards. We advise government, business and development agencies, and we argue for changes in public policy. We focus on bottom-up solutions, stay open to flexible, adaptable solutions and are marked by a tradition of challenging conventional wisdom through original thinking.

International Institute for Environment and Development Resources

Mostrando 1 - 5 de 370
Library Resource
TOOLKIT Rapid Response Mechanisms

Supporting resolution of community-investor conflicts related to Land-Based Investments

Manual y guías
Mayo, 2024

Often, approaches to investment-related land rights violations are reactive, rather than proactive and preventative: legal support is usually provided after communities have been negatively impacted, displaced or evicted — and after lives have been lost, property destroyed, local waters and soils polluted, and communities devastated. In such cases, legal support has a limited chance of reversing the damage caused.

Library Resource
Image from IIED
Informes e investigaciones
Noviembre, 2023
Angola, Bhután

La sortie du statut de PMA représente une étape hautement symbolique et positive dans le parcours d’un pays vers une plus grande prospérité socio-économique. Cependant, la baisse du soutien international qui en résulte ainsi que la perte des avantages proposés aux PMA menacent de bouleverser les plans d’adaptation, qui sont essentiels pour des pays de plus en plus vulnérables aux impacts du changement climatique. 

Library Resource
Model Contract Clauses for Responsible Investment in Agriculture

Customizable legal provisions to help implement international best practices, principles, and guidance on responsible agricultural investment

Manual y guías
Octubre, 2023

The IISD Model Clauses aim to support agricultural investment negotiators, state lawyers, and policy-makers in helping achieve their country’s sustainable development objectives for investment in agriculture and food systems. The IISD Model Clauses are primarily designed to inform the drafting of investor–state contracts. These are contracts in which a “grantor,” that is, a government entity, grants rights to private (often foreign) investors for the large-scale and long-term lease of agricultural land.

Library Resource
Publicación revisada por pares
Informes e investigaciones
Febrero, 2023

Au Sénégal, malgré d’évidents progrès législatifs en matière de parité de genre, les femmes restent encore minoritaires, voire absentes des instances stratégiques et opérationnelles de gouvernance foncière au niveau communal. Cette situation est pourtant très loin de correspondre à leur contribution effective à la production agricole, notamment à travers les cultures vivrières.

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