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terres arides

Drylands: tropical and temperate areas with an aridity index (annual rainfall/annual potential evaporation) of less than 0.65

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Documents de politique et mémoires
janvier 2022
Afrique
République-Unie de Tanzanie
Afrique occidentale

Key Messages and Recommendations

• Combating desertification and land degradation while mitigating the effects of drought can secure long-term socio-economic benefits for people living in drylands and reduce their vulnerability to climate change.

Publication évaluée par des pairs
mars 2021
Tunisie

Natural rangelands occupy about 5.5 million hectares of Tunisia’s landmass, and 38% of this area is in Tataouine governorate. Although efforts towards natural restoration are increasing rapidly as a result of restoration projects, the area of degraded rangelands has continued to expand and the severity of desertification has continued to intensify.

Articles et Livres
mars 2021
Global

Meeting the Sustainable Development Goals requires drylands sustainability. Treating drylands as global environmental commons enables better tailored governance responses. Key nested governance elements for drylands involve setting goals, monitoring and delivering sanctions across scales. The present global governance system for drylands only partially delivers these elements.

Rapports et recherches
décembre 2020
Kenya
Afrique occidentale

As a farmer in northern Kenya, I came to understand the importance of dryland restoration. After moving to Kaijaido country in the south, I started an initiative to restore the land, increase food security and reduce poverty, supported by a grant from the East African Community with various activities supported by FAO and Yale University.

Rapports et recherches
décembre 2020
Mali
Afrique occidentale

The adoption of FMNR increased by 50% over 20 years; about 90% of all farmers now encourage natural regeneration on the land that they manage. The key to success is having local institutions that are respected and effective.

Articles et Livres
décembre 2020
Global

Most commonly in drylands the salinity levels are always high and evenly dispersed due to this salinity levels the plant cultivated are usually tremendously affected. Normal plants cannot grow in soils with high salinity levels. In this book the authors would like to analyze the effects of human acticities on the salinity lebvels in drylands.

Publication évaluée par des pairs
décembre 2020
Global

Grazing leads to the reduction of biomass and plays a critical role in land degradation in arid and semiarid lands. However, the indirect effects of grazing on the ecosystem, e.g., the effect on seed dispersal, have not been well understood.

Rapports et recherches
décembre 2020
Niger
Afrique occidentale

Key success factors
There were several reasons for the success of the restoration initiative.
• Implementation had the active participation of the local community; i.e., it was community- led restoration.
• Restoration produced short- and long-term economic and environmental benefits.
• It systematically included women, girls and youth in restoration activities.

Rapports et recherches
décembre 2020
Burkina Faso
Afrique occidentale

Since the mid-1980s, the positive impacts of these simple, cost-efficient water harvesting techniques become clear, following their increasingly widespread adoption. Their use has allowed smallholders to reverse land degradation, improve soil fertility, sustainably increase crop production, achieve food security, and create more productive, diverse and resilient farming systems.

Articles et Livres
décembre 2020
Algérie
Soudan
Érythrée
Éthiopie
Soudan du Sud
Cameroun
République centrafricaine
Tchad
Burkina Faso
Mali
Mauritanie
Niger
Nigéria
Sénégal

Drylands occupy more than 40% of the world’s land area and are home to some two billion people. This includes a disproportionate number of the world’s poorest people, who live in degraded and severely degraded landscapes.

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