Photosynthetic and Antioxidant Responses of Gymnocarpos przewalskii to Simulated Rainfall Changes | Land Portal

Informations sur la ressource

Date of publication: 
janvier 2023
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
LP-midp000898
Copyright details: 
© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article

Gymnocarpos przewalskii is a rare Tertiary relict species, mainly distributed in desert areas of northwestern China. Changes in rainfall have a significant impact on the physiological characteristics of desert plants. In the present study, the effects of five simulated rainfall levels on the gas exchange parameters, chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics, and antioxidant system of G. przewalskii were studied. The results show that with increased rainfall the net photosynthetic rate (Pn) and transpiration rate increase significantly. The reduction in Pn is caused by stomatal and non-stomatal limitations under decreased rainfall. Decreased rainfall markedly improves the instantaneous water-use efficiency of leaves. With increased rainfall, the maximum photosynthetic rate, apparent quantum efficiency, and light utilization range significantly increase. Under reduced rainfall, the chlorophyll content, maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII, and steady-state optical quantum efficiency decrease and photoinhibition is caused in the PSII system. A rainfall reduction of 30% leads to massive production of superoxide anions and hydrogen peroxide, causing obvious peroxidation damage. Meanwhile, superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, and catalase in the leaves are significantly enhanced to remove excess reactive oxygen species and alleviate the injury to photosynthetic apparatus. Our study reveals the effect of rainfall changes on the photosynthetic characteristics and antioxidant system of G. przewalskii, and can improve understanding of the adaptive strategies of desert plants under future precipitation changes in northwestern China.

Auteurs et éditeurs

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Huang, HaixiaCui, PengLu, GangWang, XuhuJiang, LeLuo, Yongzhong

Corporate Author(s): 

Forests (ISSN 1999-4907) is an international and cross-disciplinary scholarly journal of forestry and forest ecology. It publishes research papers, short communications and review papers. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research in as much detail as possible. Full experimental and/or methodical details must be provided for research articles.

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MDPI AG, a publisher of open-access scientific journals, was spun off from the Molecular Diversity Preservation International organization. It was formally registered by Shu-Kun Lin and Dietrich Rordorf in May 2010 in Basel, Switzerland, and maintains editorial offices in China, Spain and Serbia. MDPI relies primarily on article processing charges to cover the costs of editorial quality control and production of articles. Over 280 universities and institutes have joined the MDPI Institutional Open Access Program; authors from these organizations pay reduced article processing charges.

Fournisseur de données

MDPI AG, a publisher of open-access scientific journals, was spun off from the Molecular Diversity Preservation International organization. It was formally registered by Shu-Kun Lin and Dietrich Rordorf in May 2010 in Basel, Switzerland, and maintains editorial offices in China, Spain and Serbia. MDPI relies primarily on article processing charges to cover the costs of editorial quality control and production of articles. Over 280 universities and institutes have joined the MDPI Institutional Open Access Program; authors from these organizations pay reduced article processing charges.

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