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Ethiopia

Emplacement

Éthiopie
ET

Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front. A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea in the late 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

Ethiopia is a federal parliamentary republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Ethiopia Resources

Affichez 26 - 30 de 32
Library Resource
Législation
Éthiopie, Afrique, Afrique orientale

This Proclamation provides for the registration of documents. It shall apply to documents authenticated and registered by organs of the Regional Government authorized by respective Regional laws and other specified state organs. The Proclamation, among other things, defines notarial activities and duties of notaries. It also specifies documents that shall not have legal effect unless they are authenticated and registered. Regional authorities shall establish notary offices and there shall be federal notary offices in n Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa.

Library Resource
Législation
Éthiopie, Afrique, Afrique orientale

The aim of this Proclamation is to improve management and utilization of land and land resources for agricultural purposes. It applies to all land that lies outside of municipal borders. The Proclamation defines the right to acquire, free of charge, rural land by adult residents of the region, whose livelihood depends on agriculture, and other subjects. It also defines land use rights of peasants, pastoralists and semi-pastoralists and provides for the protection of such rights.

Library Resource
Législation
Éthiopie, Afrique, Afrique orientale

This Proclamation provides for the registration of mortgages established on businesses and the sale of a business mortgage by auction. Each Region or City shall keep a register of business mortgages. Only businesses that have been registered and given business license by the appropriate Federal or Regional authority may be mortgaged.

Library Resource
Législation
Éthiopie, Afrique, Afrique orientale

This Proclamation amends the Civil Code concerning the sale of property mortgaged or pledged with banks in order to create a conducive environment to economic development by enabling banks to collect their debts from debtors efficiently and thereby promoting a good business culture.

Library Resource
Législation
Éthiopie, Afrique, Afrique orientale

This Proclamation provides for a new system of administration for rural land management and use and for sustainable rural land use planning based on the different agro-ecological zones of the country necessary for the conservation and development of natural resources. This Proclamation shall apply to any rural land in Ethiopia, i.e.

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