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Romania Toward a Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Economy

Training Resources & Tools
Policy Papers & Briefs
January, 2016
Romania
Europe
Central Asia

By European standards, Romania is a low urbanized country. There exists a rising trend towards suburbanization, however, that is not fully captured by Romania’s urban statistics. The country’s urbanization rate of 55 percent has remained fairly constant over the past two decades, despite significant population migration out of the country, and a strong suburbanization trend in areas on the immediate outskirts of major cities.

Deforestation Trends in the Congo Basin

January, 2016

Congo Basin countries rely more on
wood-based biomass to meet their energy needs than most
other countries in the world. Wood fuel production is
increasing in Congo Basin countries. Urbanization often
produces a shift from fuel wood to charcoal consumption,
because charcoal is cheaper and easier to transport and
store. Charcoal is produced mostly using traditional
techniques, with low transformation efficiencies. Under a

Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (Wales) Regulations 2016 (W.S.I. No. 58 (W. 28) of 2016).

Regulations
January, 2016
United Kingdom

These Regulations consolidate, for Wales only, the provisions of the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999 and subsequent amendments. The Regulations, among other things: impose procedural requirements in relation to the consideration of applications for planning permission under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990.

Developments of National Significance (Specified Criteria and Prescribed Secondary Consents) (Wales) Regulations 2016 (W.S.I. No.53 (W. 23) of 2016).

Regulations
January, 2016
United Kingdom

These Regulations specify the criteria for development which is of national significance for the purposes of section 62D of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and the types of development which could be of national significance. This includes dams and reservoirs; transfer of water resources; waste water treatment plants and hazardous waste facilities. These Regulations also prescribe consents for the purposes of the 1990 Act and make consequential amendments. The prescribed consents are “secondary consents” for the purposes of sections 62E to 62G of that Act.

National Strategy and Action Plan for Sustainable Consumption and Production in Jordan 2016 – 2025.

National Policies
December, 2015
Jordan

Jordan’s SCP Strategy and National Action Plan (NAP) is a nation-wide document that addresses key human activities with a particular impact on the Jordanian environment. The overall goal of the Strategy is to achieve a shift to sustainable patterns in three identified priority areas of consumption and production, namely agriculture/food production, transport, and waste management, to be met through the identification of operational objectives and specific actions.

Growth and Sustainable Development Strategy 2016-2019.

National Policies
December, 2015
Belize

The Growth and Sustainable Development Strategy (GSDS) is a strategic document with a multi-sectoral approach, relating to the period 2016-2019. Flowing from the Horizon 2030 vision, this strategic plan now charts the path to a better quality of life for all Belizeans, living now and in the future. It places at the fore sustainable development, reflecting a whole-system approach, and acknowledging increasing prosperity, eradicating poverty, improving social cohesion, caring for our natural resources, and securing peace and justice for all Belizeans as inter-connected goals.

EAD (Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi) Strategic Plan 2016 – 2020.

National Policies
December, 2015
United Arab Emirates

The EAD Strategic Plan is a nation-wide document aiming at preserving and protecting the environment, promoting the health and well-being of local communities, while stimulating and mapping sustainable economic growth for the next five years. It defines a long-term Vision - A Sustainable Environment for a Sustainable Future - and Mission - To protect and conserve the environment for people’s well-being and a better life for all-, 5-year priorities, objectives, as well as the strategic initiatives.

Romania Toward a Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Economy

Training Resources & Tools
Policy Papers & Briefs
December, 2015
Romania
Europe
Central Asia

This report is about Energy sector in Romania which is responsible for 58 percent of the country’s GHG emissions (except Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)), and is therefore critical for mitigation. Romania’s economic growth and energy consumption have been decoupling since the early 1990s, and the energy intensity of the economy has been continuously decreasing, but it is still high. At present, Romanian energy supply system is relatively carbon intensive, but share of zero-carbon energy sources is growing.

Country Partnership Framework for Republic of Botswana for the Period FY16-20

December, 2015

This document details the scope and the
main elements of the Country Partnership Framework (CPF)
with the Republic of Botswana for FY16-20. The previous
Country Partnership Strategy (CPS), considered by the Board
on May 21, 2009 and completed in 2013 has built a solid
foundation to design the new World Bank Group (WBG) program.
The CPF supports the government’s ongoing National
Development Plan (NDP10) that has recently been extended

Country Partnership Framework for the Repbulic of El Salvador for the Period FY2016-FY2019

November, 2015

El Salvador is the smallest country in
Central America, and one of the most densely populated in
the world. El Salvador is among the countries most affected
by weather-related events and other hazards, incurring
annual losses of around 2.5 percent of GDP. Worldwide, it
ranks second highest for risk exposure to two or more
hazards and highest for the total population at a relatively
high risk of mortality. Furthermore, climate change is

Country Partnership Framework for the Republic of Costa Rica for the Period FY16-FY20

November, 2015

Costa Rica stands out for being one of
the most politically stable, progressive, and prosperous
nations in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Political
stability and inclusive social policies have contributed to
solid growth rates and the modernization of the country. The
combination of political stability, the social compact and
steady growth, has resulted in one of the lowest poverty
rates in LAC. Costa Rica is also a global leader for its

Lesotho

November, 2015
Lesotho

Lesotho is one of the poorest and most
unequal countries in the world. It is a small, mostly
mountainous, and largely rural country of about 2 million
people, completely surrounded by South Africa. The
persistence of poverty and rising inequality are striking
for an economy that grew at annual rates of 4 percent per
capita over the past decade. Redefining the role of the