Con estas Directrices se busca aportar beneficios a los individuos en todos los países, aunque se hace hincapié en las personas vulnerables y marginadas. Las Directrices sirven como texto de referencia en el que se estipulan principios y normas internacionalmente aceptados para las prácticas responsables de la gobernanza de la tenencia.
Ces directives sont le premier instrument détaillé, à l’échelle mondiale, relatif aux régimes fonciers et à leur administration, préparé à travers des négociations intergouvernementales. Ces directives exposent des principes et normes internationalement reconnus en vue de l’instauration de pratiques responsables pour l’utilisation et le contrôle des terres, des pêches et des forêts.
Agricultural productivity in Zimbabwe, like in many other countries in SSA has been declining over the years despite the numerous advancements made in agricultural technology development. Yield levels usually averaging below 1t ha-1 have resulted in persistent cereal deficits despite the large area put under production each year.
The guidelines are the first comprehensive, global instrument on tenure and its administration to be prepared through intergovernmental negotiations.
he guidelines are the first comprehensive, global instrument on tenure and its administration to be prepared through intergovernmental negotiations.
Nitrate and pesticide leaching led to the designation of groundwater protection zones in Denmark. The protective measures in these zones often clash with local interests in agriculture. Scenarios were used to evaluate the development of a groundwater protection zone in a farming area. Stakeholders are accorded strong influence on the scenarios.
We used the process-oriented niche model CLIMEX to estimate the potential global distribution of serrated tussock under projected future climates. Serrated tussock is a drought-tolerant, wind- and human-dispersed grass of South American origin that has invaded pastures in Australia, Europe, New Zealand, and South Africa.
Arable fields make up 60 % of the total area of Hungary; in Europe, this rate is higher only in Denmark. Ecological conditions are favourable but organic matter resources in the soil have been depleted in the past 20 years and draughts threaten production in an increasing area.
The objective of this review paper is to analyze the efficiency of environmentally motivated taxes on virgin raw materials. We analyze both the economic–theoretical foundations of virgin natural resource taxation, and the empirical experiences of aggregates taxes i.e., taxes on, for instance, gravel, rock, stone, etc. in three European countries.
Unprecedented pressures on land have been created as new areas are cultivated, taken over by expanding urban centres or are abandoned due to degradation, climate change and conflict. These developments have strained the rules, processes and institutions that determine which land resources are used, by whom, for how long and under what conditions.