Agricultural transport roads play an important role not only from the point of view of individual farm holdings, but also the general development of rural areas. Roads constitute an element of the technical infrastructure indispensable for communication and transport; they play a role in shaping the rural landscape, and the routes they follow affect the forms and size of agricultural land and forest areas found within the area covered by a given road system. The existing public road network does not always provide access to all fields. Farming on parcels without road access is connected with very high crop production costs, and the necessity to pass through plots belonging to other owners is a source of additional losses and, sometimes, conflicts with neighbours. The aim of this article was to present the values of the synthetic measure obtained in the study that allowed us to identify groups of villages, which differed in terms of access of parcels to roads. The ranking was established using the zero unitarisation method. This method makes it possible to standardize diagnostic variables by examining the range of a feature. The research area encompassed 30 villages with a total area of 26 258.72 ha, divided administratively into 45 525 land parcels (cadastral plots). The types of villages identified in the study vary in terms of access of parcels to roads, which may be considered as one of the criteria for determining the order in which the villages should be subjected to land consolidation and exchange. Information regarding the number of parcels with no road access is one of the most important components of the assessment of the demand for land consolidation in the area under study. By definition, land consolidation measures are intended to improve and rearrange the transport network (in particular the network of agricultural transport roads) and create conditions allowing farmers legal access to plots. Free access to fields contributes to viable and profitable agricultural production.
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The Latvia University of Agriculture (LLU) Strategic Development Plan 2010-2016, was developed during 2009 and approved by the LLU Senate on June 10, 2009.
In order to perform its functions and implement its goals and objectives, the Latvia University of Agriculture has developed three activity programs:
3. Administrative and financial support for studies and research work