In Brazilian land ownership issues, History not only matters - it is determinant | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
March 2015
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From colonial to modern times, Brazilian agricultural property has remained immersed in a chaotic vortex of deregulation. Attempts of institutional reform - such as the Lei de Terras (Land Law) of 1850 - have been largely unsuccessful, whilst providing legal grounds for land grab by large estates and narrowing the scope of possibilities open for legitimate reevaluations of the first institutional landmark on land use and ownership in the country - the sesmarias. Understanding that the solution to the dilemmas still present in modern-day Brazil might rest on the study of the specifics of Brazilian history, we aim, in this paper, to present a panoramic view of the turning points of land regulation in the country, so as to better understand the possibilities left for reform in guaranteeing egalitarian and democratic land ownership rights. On this intent, we present a brief overview of Brazilian agricultural history, with an emphasis on the political and economic legacy left by past institutional settings to modern-day Brazil when it comes to the chaotic situation of overlapping ownership deeds.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Bastiaan Reydon , Ana Paula Bueno , Vitor Fernandes , Roberto Simiqueli

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Com o objetivo de proporcionar o debate e a troca de experiência em relação às questões de terra no Brasil e no mundo, o Grupo de Governança de Terras do IE/Unicamp, promove pesquisas, estudos e assessorias no tema, bem como um evento anual sob o mesmo escopo. O Seminário Internacional de Governança de Terras e Desenvolvimento Econômico, em suas diferentes edições, têm proporcionado um espaço plural de discussão, reunindo os principais atores e instituições envolvidos com o tema, promovido importantes debates e discussões sobre tópicos relevantes no âmbito brasileiro e mundial.  

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