This report offers a detailed analysis of the different challenges of land reform in both Zimbabwe and South Africa. The report looks at the history of land ownership and policy in both countries.For Zimbabwe, it offers practical policy suggestions for ways forward by identifying the contours of a post-Mugabe land approach. This includes:establishment of a Land Commission, to conduct a survey of land ownership and productivity, the status of redistributions and the compensation paid for leases and to ownersdeveloping new enterprise and lending facilities for new farmersset parameters to govern land law reformsset conditions for transfer of lands which are substantially underutilised or whose leases where acquired substantially under market valueimprove distribution and leasing of small subsistence farms (A1 plots)focus distribution of larger properties to more productive, established farmersreplace the grain marketing board with a more modest body to oversee the grain strategic reserve, with a priority of purchasing grain from smaller producersFor South Africa, it provides an agenda for reinvigorating its land reform process while avoiding future land-related violence and insecurity. This includes:in settling rural restitution claims, packages should not be purely cash based, but include land, credit, employment and education provisionsthe redistribution programme must be made more flexible, including partnership arrangements between white commercial farmers and the new land reform benificieries (this might include contract farming, share-equity, share cropping and municiple schemes) as long as land is actually transferrednew farmers should receive support with training in production and marketingwork towards a land administration system in the communal areasincrease the land reform budget. Departments should be able to work together to co-fund programmes
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