Climate-Smart Agriculture in Rwanda | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
January 2016
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
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The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals
under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation,
and mitigation [1]. The priorities of different countries
and stakeholders are reflected to achieve more efficient,
effective, and equitable food systems that address challenges
in environmental, social, and economic dimensions across
productive landscapes. While the concept is new, and still
evolving, many of the practices that make up CSA already
exist worldwide and are used by farmers to cope with various
production risks [2]. Mainstreaming CSA requires critical
stocktaking of ongoing and promising practices for the future,
and of institutional and financial enablers for CSA adoption.
This country profile provides a snapshot of a developing
baseline created to initiate discussion, both within countries
and globally, about entry points for investing in CSA at scale.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

World Bank
International Center for Tropical Agriculture

Corporate Author(s): 


To reduce hunger and poverty, and improve human nutrition in the tropics through research aimed at increasing the eco-efficiency of agriculture.


CIAT’s staff includes about 200 scientists. Supported by a wide array of donors, the Center collaborates with hundreds of partners to conduct high-quality research and translate the results into development impact. A Board of Trustees provides oversight of CIAT’s research and financial management.


The mission of The World Bank Economic Review is to encourage and support research in the field of development economics. We seek to publish and disseminate innovative theoretical and empirical research that identifies, analyzes, measures, and evaluates the macro and micro-economic forces that promote or impede economic development with a view towards providing the knowledge necessary for designing, implementing, and sustaining effective development policies in low and middle income countries.

Data provider


CGIAR is the only worldwide partnership addressing agricultural research for development, whose work contributes to the global effort to tackle poverty, hunger and major nutrition imbalances, and environmental degradation.

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