In pastoral societies women face many challenges. Some describe these as a ‘double burden’ –
that is, as pastoralists and as women. However, pastoral women may obtain a significant degree
of protection from customary law even if customary institutions are male-dominated. In periods
of change (economic, social, political), this protection may be lost, and without protection from
statutory laws, women are in danger of “falling between two stools” (Adoko and Levine 2009). A
study carried out in four villages in Tanzania, supported by the International Land Coalition,
sought to understand the challenges and opportunities facing pastoral women with respect to
accessing land and resources, in the context of village land use planning. This research presents
empirical data on pastoral women’s land rights, shedding light on some of the details of these
and their manifestation considering the differing contexts, land use patterns, and nature of
rights to land. There are some common themes – particularly around the challenges facing
women in pastoral communities including lack of space to make their views heard, lack of
awareness of their rights, coupled with broader governance challenges. New processes
underway such as a government-led review of Tanzania’s land policy and the accompanied
implementation strategy ,the new land policy provide opportunities to overcome these
Authors and Publishers
Vision, mission and strategy
ILRI's strategy 2013-2022 was approved in December 2012. It emerged from a wide processof consultation and engagement.
ILRI envisions... a world where all people have access to enough food and livelihood options to fulfil their potential.
ILRI’s mission is... to improve food and nutritional security and to reduce poverty in developing countries through research for efficient, safe and sustainable use of livestock—ensuring better lives through livestock.
ILRI’s three strategic objectives are:
The International Land Coalition (ILC) is a coalition of civil society and intergovernmental organizations promoting secure and equitable access to and control over land for poor women and men thro
CGIAR is the only worldwide partnership addressing agricultural research for development, whose work contributes to the global effort to tackle poverty, hunger and major nutrition imbalances, and environmental degradation.