Regulation of Land Tenure (Established Villages) Act, 1992 (No. 22 of 1992). | Land Portal

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This Act makes provision for the adjudication of rights with respect to village land in relation with the settlement and resettlement of peoples in villages for the purposes of a policy promoting the development of villages. The Act also declares rights held under customary law to be extinguished. The Minister may establish a tribunal in areas where the Customary Leaseholds (Enfranchisement) Act, 1968 does not apply. Such a tribunal shall have the power to determine disputes regarding village land.

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Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

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