The Act applies to stone, gravel, sand, clay, lime, chalk, peat, topsoil and similar elements. Exploitation of mineral deposits on land and sea must be part of a sustainable development plan which purpose is to ensure monitoring of mining areas after extraction, raw material supply, ensure that raw materials used are quality based and that raw materials shall be, where possible, replaced by waste products. The Minister of Environment sets regulations on quality and quantity of raw materials used for construction, on the recycling thereof, on the quantity and quality of raw materials used for the manufacturing of industrial products, on the processing of certain raw material quality (abstraction) and on waste, replacement products and dredging materials from the Danish marine area to be recovered and recycled as raw material. Permission for these activities is required and is granted by the municipal council authorities for the length of max. 10 years. The county council performs a mapping of mineral deposits on land to which the Minister of Environment and Energy shall set regulations. Permission for abstraction at beaches and other coastal areas where there are no contiguous land vegetation, may be disclosed only with the consent of Coastal Inspector.The regional council may expropriate property not belonging to the state as well as rights over such property when the expropriation will be essential to realize a plan to promote construction. Those who conduct a mineral drilling or soil test pit, in the territorial sea or the continental shelf must, within 3 months after the execution, report to the Geological Survey on location, eventual finds in soil and water level, providing samples of the perforated layer. Results of geophysical surveys and other mineral resource studies, including the quality of raw materials, shall be reported to the Geological Survey.The Act consists of 10 Chapters: Purpose (1); Mining and household (2); Occurrences on land (3); Occurrences in the territorial sea and continental shelf (4); Expropriation (5); Reports and studies (6); Monitoring (7); Administrative provisions (8); Actions and penalties (9); Entry into force and transitional provisions (10).
Implemented by: Order No. 408 on the management of international environment protection areas and on the protection of certain species. (2007-05-01)
Amended by: National Park Act (No. 533 of 2007). (2007-06-06)
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Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the EU's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union, European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
Denmark is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy.