This Act provides for the preservation of ancient and historical monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance and for the regulation of archaeological activities in Arunachal Pradesh.The Government will have the power to declare ancient monuments or archaeological sites, etc. to be protected monuments or protected areas. The Government may purchase, take lease or assume the guardianship of any protected monument, for its protection or preservation. An Archaeological Officer may, with the sanction of the Government, enter into a written agreement with the owner of any protected monument for its maintenance and preservation. In addition, the Government may impose restrictions on proprietary rights in protected areas or may acquire a protected area for public purposes.The Act further provides for: archaeological excavation activities in protected areas; powers of the Government to control the moving of antiquities; compulsory acquisition of antiquities for their preservation; compensation for loss or damage to land; penalties; etc.
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The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture.