This By-Law made under the Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013, applies to all land within the geographical area of the Kouga Municipality, including land owned by the state. The By-law shall, in case of conflict, in principle prevail over other legislation. The By-law requires a municipal spatial development framework to be made and provides with respect its preparation and public participation procedures. The Municipality may also adopt a local spatial development framework for a specific geographical area of a portion of the municipal area. Sections 24 to 30 of the Act apply to any land use scheme developed, prepared, adopted and amended by the Municipality. The By-law provides form preparation and adoption of such scheme. The By-law also provides with respect to water infrastructure and assessment of possible impact on the environment of development. A Local spatial development framework shall provide detailed priorities in relation to land use planning and, in so far as they are linked to land use planning, biodiversity and environmental issues. The By-law provides for the establishment of a Municipal Appeal Tribunal and appeal procedures. The By-law also concerns use of agricultural land, change of land use for land under the jurisdiction of a traditional council (communal land) and authorization of subdivision of land.
Implements: Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013 (No. 16 of 2013). (2013-08-02)
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Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (Afrikaners, called "Boers" (farmers) by the British) trekked north to found their own republics in lands taken from the indigenous black inhabitants. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants.