The present Act provides for the management, regulation and administration of the ownership and use of land for socio-economic development and environmental well-being of the country through efficient and effective land administration, security of land tenure, equal opportunity to land, facilitation of operation of land market, effective use of land resources and conservation of the ecosystem. Section 3 establishes a National Land Commission whose functions are, inter alia, as follows: a) Laying down the policies, programmes, regulations and guidelines in accordance with the provisions of this Act for implementation by the National Land Commission Secretariat; b) Acquisition of registered land and its allotment to Government institutions and Gerab Dratshang; c) Allotment of substitute land to the Thram holder whose land was acquired; d) Approve cash compensation for the land acquired; e) Allotment of the Government land or Government Reserved Forests land to Government institutions and Gerab; f) Recommend to the Government appropriate tax measures to prevent speculation and concentration of land holdings; g) Coordinate with stakeholders on identification and demarcation, and preparation of a detailed report on Thromde, industrial and protected agricultural areas; h) Submission of recommendation for declaration of Thromde, industrial, and protected agricultural areas to the Government; i) Develop format to apply for rehabilitation land; j) Assessment and submission of petition for rehabilitation land to His Majesty the King; k) Approving exchange of rural registered land with Government Reserved Forests land; l) Institute Dzongkhag and Thromde Land Acquisition and Allotment Committees.The text consists of 77 sections divided into 14 chapters as follows: Preliminary (1); Organization of land administration establishing the National Land Commission (2); Chhazhag Sathram (3); Entitlement and granting of land entitlement to own land (4); Registration of land Chhazhag Sathram (5); Rights and obligations of landwoners (6); Acquisition of registered land (7); Procedures on land conveyance (8); Annulment of land ownership (9); Use of Tsamdro (10); Use of Sokshing (11); Easement (12); Offences and penalties (13); Miscellaneous (14).
Repeals: Land Act 1979. (1979)
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Following Britain’s victory in the 1865 Duar War, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding land to British India. Ugyen WANGCHUCK - who had served as the de facto ruler of an increasingly unified Bhutan and had improved relations with the British toward the end of the 19th century - was named king in 1907. Three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs.