The purpose of this Act, consisting of 152 sections, divided into four Parts and completed by four Schedules, is: to record the acknowledgements and apology given by the Crown to Ngāruahine in the deed of settlement; and to give effect to certain provisions of the deed of settlement that settles the historical claims of Ngāruahine. Part 1 sets out a summary of the historical account, and records the text of the acknowledgements and apology given by the Crown to Ngāruahine, as recorded in the deed of settlement; defines terms used in this Act, including key terms such as Ngāruahine and historical claims; provides that the settlement of the historical claims is final, etc.Part 2 provides for cultural redress, including: cultural redress that does not involve the vesting of land (namely in subpart 1 and 2, protocols for conservation, fisheries, and taonga tū- turu on the terms set out in the documents schedule; a statutory acknowledgement by the Crown of the statements made by Ngāruahine of their cultural, historical, spiritual, and traditional association with certain statutory areas and the effect of that acknowledgement, together with deeds of recognition for the specified areas, etc.Part 3 provides for commercial redress, including: in subpart 1 and 2 the transfer of deferred selection properties and the right of first refusal (RFR) redress. Part 4 makes provision for matters relating to the re-organisation of the governance structures of Ngāruahine, including taxation matters. The 4 Schedules describe the following: statutory areas to which the statutory acknowledgement relates and, in some cases, for which deeds of recognition are issued (I); Whāriki o Ngāruahine areas to which Whāriki o Ngāruahine applies (II); cultural redress properties (III); provisions that apply to notices given in relation to RFR land (IV).
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The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. That same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both world wars.