The issues associated with economic instruments are complex and the main paper contains a detailed, technical discussion. This summary highlights some of the main points from that discussion. It is structured around the following issues:the water pollution problem the advantages of economic instruments pollution from industrial plants and sewage treatment works pollution from agricultural and other land practical considerationsconclusion and questions for consideration.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 68.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1997Europe
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998Guinea, United States of America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Northern America
The core thesis is that Western neoclassical economics and law (particularly Anglo-American) have a peculiar cultural history that biases Western-trained economists and lawyers against common property systems like those found among Africans and American Indians. This Western cultural bias is expressed through the recurrent focus on individuals as atomistic and independent of each other in contract and property law, as well as in economic theory.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998
Short review of major concepts
Library ResourceJanuary, 1997Malawi, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa
Malawi’ s smallholder agriculture is facing a crisis, particularly in the more populated south. There is an insidious combination of land shortage, continuous cultivation of maize, declining soil fertility, low yields, deforestation, poverty and high population growth rate. Smallholder farmers are doing what they can to maintain household livelihoods under these difficult circumstances, however many of their actions, which are necessary for short term survival, such as the cultivation of hillsides, are not sustainable in the long term.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1997Mexico, Latin America and the Caribbean
Starting with a discussion of the scientific versus the traditional methods of land evaluation and perception, the authors formulate a methodological framework to integrate both perspectives into a geographic-information/expert-system environment aimed at sustainable development of a rural community, and present a case study in Central Mexico.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa
In Kenya and the sub-Saharan Africa generally, there have been little systematic discussions on the post-colonial struggles over control and ownership of land. Studies ignore that the "land question" is not about production alone and consequently have failed to assess its wider consequences on the society.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998Sub-Saharan Africa
Examines the implications of the HIV epidemic for rural development policies and programmes in sub-Saharan Africa and, in particular: the inter-relationships between rural development and HIV/AIDS; and the broad policy and programming challenges that the epidemic poses for rural institutions. The proposed conceptual framework for the identification of key policy and programming issues for rural development raised by HIV is intended to provide guidance for the design and conduct of a set of four case studies to be carried out in Southern and Eastern Africa.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998Europe
Aim of this series to provide a reference point for DFID decision-making about various aspects of service delivery and resource management. The series will also analyse different aspects of the policy process and options for donor intervention.
Issues covered are:
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998
To achieve an integrated approach to the planning and management of land resources, cooperation among experts from the
disciplines involved and integration of the respective results are required in order to identify and evaluate all biophysical, socio-economic and
legal attributes of the land. The glossary aims to contribute to the development of a common technical language. The terms, methods and
Library ResourceJanuary, 1998Tanzania, Finland, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa
Sets out to examine the question of aid provision. As part of a general study on Finnish aid, the main focus is on two projects in Zanzibar: Zanzibar Forestry Project (ZFP) and Zanzibar Integrated Lands and Environment Management (ZILEM) project. This study centres on initial research carried out in Dar es Salaam (documentary) and Unguja (documentary, observational and in-depth interviews). [author]
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