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Showing items 1 through 9 of 24.
  1. Library Resource
    Training Resources & Tools
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2004
    Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, Slovakia, El Salvador, Croatia, Chile, Zimbabwe, Germany, Switzerland, Hungary, Australia, Tanzania, Poland, India, Brazil, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe, Global, Central America, Eastern Africa, South America, Southern Africa, Eastern Asia, Caribbean, Southern Asia, Central Asia

    Citizenship is an abstract concept and therefore great care must be taken in explaining what it means in practice and what can effectively be done in the context of development interventions and policy. Development projects which enhance the ability of marginalised groups to access and influence decision-making bodies are implicitly if not explicitly working with concepts of citizenship. Citizenship is about concrete institutions, policy and structures and the ways in which people can shape them using ideas of rights and participation.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Australia

    In a naturally heterogeneous landscape in arid central Australia, a previous study found that grazing changed the distribution of water and nutrients amongst different geomorphic strata of the landscape. In this concurrent study, we show that herbage biomass, cover and composition responded primarily to these geomorphic strata and not to grazing. The cover of palatable species as a group proved the exception, and decreased with increasing grazing. The quantity of shrubs responded to both strata and grazing, and was greatest under least grazing.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Australia

    The distribution and quality of soil and land resources in heterogeneous grazing lands of central Australia were changed by grazing. Sites located at increasing distances from livestock watering points showed greater degrees of landscape organization and soil productive potential. The depositional strata, where resources tended to accumulate, occupied a larger proportion of the landscape as distance increased. Physical and nutrient cycling soil properties improved.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2003
    Australia

    Negotiated agreements between traditional owners and pastoralists about use and management of lands held under pastoral lease tenures in the arid and semi-arid rangelands of Australia will promote secure futures for both parties. In this paper we will discuss this assertion and the processes of agreement making we are engaged in the South Australian rangelands. First we will explain the particular meaning of the Australian jargon we use throughout this paper - traditional owner, pastoralist and pastoral lease tenure.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Australia

    Using data from previous studies, we tested two hypotheses about the impacts of grazing in a naturally heterogeneous landscape in arid central Australia: (1) that grazing leads to net change of resources at a paddock or landscape scale, and (2) that water and nutrients remain coupled as they move through the landscape. We found that key nutrients were likely to be lost at the landscape scale as grazing increased, rather than just being redistributed. Water infiltration increased but runoff was probably lost more readily due to the lack of barriers to flow.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Australia

    The efficiency and equity effects of economic policies affecting the quarter of Australians who live in rural and regional Australia (RARA) are reviewed. For the most part it is argued that economy‐wide policies, rather than region or industry specific policies, are appropriate. Progressive income taxation, means‐tested social security payments and government funded education, health and other services directly and efficiently redistribute to support equity.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Australia

    Queensland, Australia, has a proud pastoral history; however, the private and social benefits of continued woodland clearing for pasture development are unlikely to be as pronounced as they had been in the past. The environmental benefits of tree retention in arid regions of the State are now better appreciated and market opportunities have arisen for the unique timbers of western Queensland.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Burkina Faso, Honduras, United States of America, Guatemala, Zimbabwe, Australia, Bolivia, Austria, Malawi, Finland, Uruguay, New Zealand, Kenya, Turkey, Argentina, India, United Kingdom, Gabon, Brazil, Americas

    La Conférence internationale sur la contribution des critères et indicateurs de la gestion forestière durable: Perspectives d'avenir (CICI - 2003) a été accueillie par les Services forestiers nationaux du Guatemala (Instituto Nacional de Bosques, INAB) à Guatemala City du 3 au 7 février 2003, avec le concours de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO), l'Organisation internationale des bois tropicaux (OIBT) et les gouvernements de Finlande et des Etats-Unis.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2003
    Australia

    Tan sólo nueve meses atrás, la FAO, IPCC, IUFRO y CIFOR organizaron conjuntamente la primera Reunión de expertos sobre la armonización de definiciones relacionadas con el bosque para el uso por varios actores sociales. El objetivo del proceso iniciado en ese entonces era llegar a una armonización de las definiciones relacionadas con el bosque no sólo desde el punto de vista del cambio climático y de la evaluación de los recursos forestales, sino también con respecto a la conservación de la biodiversidad y la ordenación de bosques.

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