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Showing items 1 through 9 of 1772.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    April, 2008
    Jordan, Western Asia

    The project aims to improve the productivity of degraded rangelands through efficient utilization of limited rainfall. Nearly 48% of farmers in the Muhareb community own flocks, with an average flock size of about 159 head. About 52% of farmers in Um Al Naám own flocks, with an average of 125 head; about 63% of farmers in Muhareb community own a small flock (average 28 head), or a medium flock size (30%, average 293 head), or a large flock (7%, average 751 head. However, about 72% of farmers in Um Al Naám own a small flock, with an average flock size of 36 head.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2008
    Global

    In 2007, ICARDA celebrated its thirtieth anniversary. The Center and its partners have worked together for three decades to improve the food security and livelihoods of the poor in dry and marginal areas. During this time, we have seen significant changes in the biophysical environment and in socio-economic circumstances. New farming technologies, new livelihood options, and better policies and institutions are speeding up agricultural development in the world's dry areas, and we are proud of the role we have played in this progress.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2008
    Iran, Southern Asia

    A two-day international workshop on “Improving Water Productivity and Livelihood Resilience in Karkheh River Basin” was jointly organized by ICARDA and AREO 10-11 September, 2007 in Karaj, Iran, and the presentations are compiled in the proceedings. The presentations at the workshop focused on integrated and participatory approach to technology development in addressing water productivity and livelihood resilience. It underscored the importance of sustainable development without endangering the ecological assets of fragile ecosystems in this region.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2008
    Iran, Southern Asia

    CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food - Improving livelihood resilience by integrated natural resource management in upper catchments of dry areas (pn24) and improving on-farm agricultural water productivity in the Karkheh River Basin (pn8).

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Kenya

    This article looks at the role of land and grievances thereto in the post-election violence experienced in Kenya in late 2007 and early 2008. It argues that the failure of post-colonial governments to craft a cohesive and inclusive national agenda for development has resulted in a fragmented populace. This fragmentation militates against a national ethic as the citizenry congregate around their ethnic groupings as a source of security and guaranteed access to resources such as land.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Kenya

    The performance of any organization can be improved through constant evaluation which helps organizations mirror themselves against acceptable benchmarks, Land administration institutions are no exception. However. most of the land administration systems in LOCs are over-centralized and inflexible in regulatory and legal frameworks and they are rarely evaluated. This paper uses documented key oettormence indicators of effectiveness. efficiency and quality in an attempt to evaluate Kenya's land

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Kenya

    Land ownership, distribution, utilisation and exchange amongst the Digo people of Kenya's lower Coast is done through both formal systems and informal arrangements, 'Rahani'is an informal arrangement that allows landowners to rent out their excess or idle land at a price over an uncertain duration. Using data from several classes of respondents, this paper found that landowners practices 'rahani'to get quick money to attend to immediate domestic, personal and welfare problems.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Kenya

    Land is one of the most important naturaE resources for the creation of wealth in many societies. Its ownership and control brings economic power, which in turn, is often the basis for social and polifical power Unlike other factors of production such as labour and capilal, land is in fixed supply. Of the total land area of Kenya of 56.9 million hectares, more than 90 percent is agricultural land. Over 80 percent of this land is categorized as Arid and Semiarid land where about 25 percent of the total population resides and over 50 percent of the total livestock is produced.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Kenya

    Pastoralists traditionally relied on herd mobility to cope with drought. In the pastoral areas of Kajiado,
    Kenya this strategy is now threatened by increased individual land ownership as compared to
    communal access. Drought frequency as related to El-Nino and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is
    predicated to increase with climate change. The aim of the study was investigate the use of herd
    mobility strategy in the ENSO related 1999/2000 la Nina induced drought under different land tenure

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