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Showing items 1 through 9 of 1465.
  1. Library Resource
    The Islamic Legal Provisions for Women’s Share in the Inheritance System: A Reflection on Malaysian Society
    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2014
    Malaysia

    Characterized as divinely ordained, the Islamic law of inheritance defines women’s rights to property of the deceased with specific roles and responsibilities for each individual. Obviously, the Islamic law of inheritance is a major contribution to the legal system of the world, compared to the customary laws in the pre‐Islamic Arab society that denied any proprietary right by way of inheritance to female relatives including daughters.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    May, 2014
    Papua New Guinea

    Anecdotal evidence suggests that conflicts over land and extractive resource developments are on the rise across Papua New Guinea. These micro-level conflicts have the potential to scaleup and feed into large-scale armed conflicts—such as those that occurred on Bougainville and in neighbouring Solomon Islands—which require costly external intervention. Against this backdrop, this paper examines PNG’s legally-mandated land mediation system in theory and practice. A number of weaknesses are identified and described; and a case study of an apparently successful “hybrid” approach is discussed.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal of African History
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2014
    Lesotho

    The rhetoric of development served as a language for Sotho politicians from 1960–70 to debate the meanings of political participation. The relative paucity of aid in this period gave outsized importance to small projects run in rural villages, and stood in stark contrast to the period from the mid-1970s onwards when aid became an ‘antipolitics machine’ that worked to undermine national sovereignty.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2015
    Ethiopia

    This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Thailand

    Scholars point to climate change, often in the form of more frequent and severe drought, as a potential driver of migration in the developing world, particularly for places where populations rely on agriculture for their livelihoods. To date, however, there have been few large-scale, longitudinal studies that explore the relationship between climate change and migration. This study significantly extends current scholarship by evaluating distinctive effects of climatic variation and models these effects on men’s and women’s responsiveness to drought and rainfall.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Vietnam

    ABSTRACTED FROM THE FIRST TWO PARAGRAPHS: Over the past several years, the enormity of the environmental challenges facing the Mekong River Delta region of southern Vietnam has become increasingly clear. Climate change and dam construction on the upper reaches of the Mekong threaten to disrupt the flow of the river, making both droughts and floods ever more common. Meanwhile, the rapid intensification of rice agriculture in the Mekong Delta and the export-oriented cultivation of farmed fish and shrimp have increasingly strained.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Cambodia

    As a global phenomenon, land grabbing has significant economic, environmental, and social impacts, often resulting in serious conflict between the local community and outsiders. The aim of the study is to get a deeper understanding of the extent to which land grabbing and resulting land-use conflicts affect the move towards sustainable forest management (SFM) in Cambodia. Two case studies were conducted involving community forests (CFs), with data collected through literature review, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and field observations.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Thailand

    Transforming conflict is a key component of sustainable forest management. Transformative conflict mediation is an approach to transforming conflict that aims not only to resolve the conflict but also to foster long-term relationships and cooperation. This study explores how application of mediation contributed to conflict transformation.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2014
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    A large number of vegetation indices have been developed and widely applied
    in terrestrial ecosystem research in the recent decades. However, a certain limitation was
    observed while applying these indices in research in dry areas due to their low sensitivity
    to low vegetation cover. In this context, the objectives of this study are to develop a new
    vegetation index, namely, the Generalized Difference Vegetation Index (GDVI), and to
    examine its applicability to the assessment of dryland environment. Based on the field

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