In conflict situations, peace settlements and cease-fire agreements may often, end violent conflicts, but do not prevent renewed violence or guarantee a permanent end to conflicts.5 According to the World Bank, chances that renewed conflicts will erupt are high and even higher when control over natural resources is at stake.6 In the past two decades alone, Africa has experienced violent conflicts with successive cease-fire agreements and peaceful settlements, which have often been followed by outbreaks of new conflicts.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2014Global, Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia
Library ResourceFebruary, 2014Tunisia
This paper uses mirror statistics and
research in the field to estimate the magnitude of
Tunisia's informal trade with Libya and Algeria. The
aim is to assess the scale of this trade and to evaluate the
amount lost in taxes and duties as a result as well as to
assess the local impact in terms of income generation. The
main findings show that within Tunisian trade as a whole,
informal trade accounts for only a small share (5 percent of
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