A independência de São Tomé e Príncipe, em 1975, foi um projeto de um grupo muito restrito de exilados. O arquipélago tornou-se independente sob a liderança do Movimento de Libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe (MLSTP) e Pinto da Costa. Apesar de alguns militantes viverem no Gabão e não serem socialistas, o MLSTP, apoiado pelo Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola, tornou-se socialista. Depois de 1975, sob a ditadura do partido único, o MLSTP tentou impor uma política que enfatizava o valor do trabalho e o ideal do homem novo.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sao Tome and Principe
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2014Kenya
For a long time sub-Saharan Africa has been considered to have abundant and underutilized land than any other continent. On the contrary, recent studies show that many rural Africans live in increasingly densely populated areas where all arable land is allocated or under cultivation. This has led to a long-term decline in farm size and reduced fallows.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2014Sudan
Sudan experiences one of the most severe fissures between society and territory in Africa. Not only were its international borders redrawn when South Sudan separated in 2011, but conflicts continue to erupt over access to land: territorial claims are challenged by local and international actors; borders are contested; contracts governing the privatization of resources are contentious; and the legal entitlements to agricultural land are disputed.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2014Democratic Republic of the Congo
Multinational companies are increasingly promoted as peacebuilders. Major arguments in support of such a position emphasise both interest-based and norm/socialisation-based factors. This article uses research on large mining MNCs in eastern DRC – those that, arguably, should be most likely to build peace according to the above positions – to engage critically with the business for peace agenda. First it demonstrates the limited peacemaking, as well as active peacebuilding, activities in broader society that companies undertake.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2015Africa, Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone recently attracted significant inflows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in export-oriented mining and agribusiness. These investments have usually involved large-scale land deals with local communities that have been facilitated and brokered by government officials, local politicians, and paramount chiefs. Affected people and communities were supposed to receive compensations for lost land and, in addition, they expected to find gainful employment opportunities with multinational companies.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Africa, Sierra Leone
In peace-building and transitional justice literature economic restoration is considered central to sustainable peace in post-conflict societies. However, it is also widely recognised that many post-conflict states cannot afford mechanisms to provide restoration. Not only are many such states poor to begin with, but violent conflict further degrades their economic capacity. As a result, in their need to provide jobs, generate tax revenues, spur development and promote sustainable peace, many post-conflict states turn to alternative processes of economic restoration.
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