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Showing items 1 through 9 of 170.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    March, 2014
    Nicaragua, Norway

    Does the distribution of land rights affect the choice of contractible techniques? I present evidence suggesting that Nicaraguan farmers are more likely to grow effort-intensive crops on owned rather than on rented plots. I consider two theoretical arguments that illustrate why property rights might matter. In the first the farmer is subject to limited liability; in the second the owner cannot commit to output-contingent contracts. In both cases choices might be inefficient regardless of land distribution. The efficiency loss, however, is lower when the farmer owns the land.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2014
    Mexico

    The constitutional reforms undertaken in Mexico in 1992, as well as the systematic implementation of a program of land rights regularization (Procede), aimed to improve the security and transferability of property rights in order to create the pre-conditions for better functioning of factor markets in rural areas. The paper examines the extent to which this has materialized by exploring systematic differences over time between certified and non-certified ejidos as well as the private sector.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2014
    Nicaragua, Norway

    The distribution of property rights has a strong impact on output when, due to the non-contractibility of some inputs, market contracts do not yield efficient outcomes. In this Paper I analyse how the distribution of land rights affects the choice of both contractible techniques – such as crop mix or irrigation – and non-contractible effort when these are complements in production. I present evidence from rural Nicaragua suggesting that farmers are more likely to grow effort-intensive/highly profitable crops on the plots they own rather than on the plots they rent.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    South America, Central America

    The objective of the study is to provide methodological instruments to governments in Latin America to facilitate the identification of the vulnerability of the physical infrastructure of coastal marine areas to climate change and facilitate the identification of adaptation options. It sets out the main ideas covered, that takes the experiences, lessons learned and best practices in the beneficiary countries of the EUROCLIMA programme in order to estimate and reduce the vulnerability of coastal marine infrastructures in the face of climate change.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Congo, Colombia, Guatemala, Madagascar, Mongolia, Nepal, Togo, Tanzania

    In 2013, the International Land Coalition (ILC) marked a historic expansion in its membership, reaching 152 member organisations in 56 countries, representing diverse interests and entities from national civil society organisations (CSOs) and grassroots movements to international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and United Nations agencies, all with a common agenda to work together on behalf of the world’s most vulnerable people to make tangible progress in achieving secure and equitable access to land.ILC has also become a leading advocate for transparency and open knowledge on land g

  6. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2014
    Nicaragua

    Natural resources constitute an important axis around which rural territorial dynamics revolve. Based on empirical
    registration of how applications for and denouncements of natural resource use are dealt with in two Nicaraguan rural territories, this
    paper examines the importance of inequality for the institutional practices through which district-level governance of natural resource
    use takes place. Notable differences are identified. The paper concludes that institutional practices which promote rule-based natural

  7. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    Videos
    Videos
    September, 2014
    Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, South America, Central America

    En América Latina se registran actualmente 826 pueblos indígenas que, para el año 2010, agrupaban a cerca de 45 millones de personas.

    La ONU ha sido pionera en la defensa de sus derechos. En este video, la CEPAL convoca a los países de la región a poner en práctica políticas que pongan fin a las desigualdades que les afectan.

  8. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    Videos
    Videos
    October, 2014
    Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, South America, Central America

    Na América Latina existem atualmente 826 povos indígenas que, para o ano de 2010, estão agrupados em cerca de 45 milhões de pessoas.

    A ONU foi pioneira na defesa dos direitos dos povos indígenas. A CEPAL convoca os países da região a colocar em prática políticas que terminem com as desigualdades que eles sofrem.

  9. Library Resource

    Primeras Jornadas de Planificación Económica y Social

    Reports & Research
    March, 2014
    Mexico

    El propósito de este documento es hacer una reflexión de la planeación urbana y su
    pertinencia hacia la innovación y la competitividad en las ciudades, que permita reorientar el objeto de
    estudio y recuperar la innovación, competitividad y la responsabilidad social como elementos
    centrales de la administración urbana desde el gobierno local; a partir de esta reflexión se identifican
    áreas de oportunidad para redireccionar la planeación urbana, hacia una administración de la
    competitividad urbana, mediante la innovación.

  10. Library Resource

    Proyecto REDD+ (GER/12/001)

    Reports & Research
    June, 2014
    Central America, South America

    Uno de los temas de negociación en la Convención Marco de Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático (CMNUCC) que ha atraído una atención preferente de los países de América Latina es el que dice relación con la instalación de un mecanismo, dentro de este convenio internacional, que pudiera movilizar recursos financieros para hacer frente a los procesos de deforestación y degradación que ocurren en los bosques del mundo, particularmente en las naciones en desarrollo, incluyendo actividades de conservación y/o el aumento del stock de carbono de la masa forestal.

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