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Showing items 1 through 9 of 749.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    November, 2004
    Africa

    This paper focuses on the report of the ad-hoc expert group meeting on science and technology issues for sustainable development: principles, methodology and strategy for promoting the African revolution.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2004
    Africa

    This report is the first in a series of research studies that the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) will produce with a view to improving the understanding of the links between land tenure systems and sustainable development in Africa. In a continent where 80 percent of the population relies on agriculture for their livelihood, the formulation and implementation of appropriate land policies is a paramount factor in poverty reduction strategies. Research is therefore needed to help policymakers take learned decisions when addressing land tenure issues.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2004
    Kenya, Eastern Africa, Africa

    Parasitic nematodes, especially
    Haemonchus contortus,
    are among the most common and
    economically important causes of infectious
    diseases of sheep and goats owned by
    pastoralists and small holder farm
    ers in East Africa. In Kenya, control of these infections
    mainly relies on the use of anthelmintic dr
    ugs. However, ethnoveteri
    nary medicine (EVM)
    preparations are widely used by pastoralists
    and small holder farmers (SHF) for treatment
    of their livestock agains

  4. Library Resource

    2004 Report

    Conference Papers & Reports
    June, 2004
    South Africa

    This is the first report to be issued by the SACN on the ‘State of South African Cities’. The report takes a hard look at the forces that have transformed the country’s largest cities over the decade since 1994 and asks, if the current trends continue, whether cities can expect positive or negative things in the years to come. As part of the process of celebrating 10 years of democracy, the Office of the President has led a ‘Ten Year Review’ to assess what has been achieved over the last decade, and to define the strategic challenges for the future.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2004
    Costa Rica

    We summarize existing theoretical claims linking poverty to rates of deforestation and then examine this linkage empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an econometric approach that addresses the irreversibilities in deforestation. Our data facilitate an empirical analysis of the implications for deforestation of where the poor live. Without controlling for this, impacts of poverty per se are confounded by richer areas being different from the areas inhabited by the poor, who we expect to find on more marginal lands, for instance less profitable lands.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2004
    Costa Rica

    We review claims about the potential for carbon markets that link both payments for carbon services and poverty levels to ongoing rates of tropical deforestation. We then examine these effects empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an econometric approach that addresses the irreversibilities in deforestation. We find significant effects of the relative returns to forest on deforestation rates. Thus, carbon payments would induce conservation and also carbon sequestration, and if land users were poor could conserve forest while addressing rural poverty.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2004
    Thailand

    Conversion of climax Dipterocarp forest for agricultural purposes has resulted in a decline in productivity of light textured soils in Northeast Thailand. To quantify the degree of chemical degradation that these soils have undergone, a survey was undertaken of six paired sites where adjacent Dipterocarp forest soils were compared to continuously cropped systems that had been under production from 37-100 years. Surface charge fingerprints along with soil chemical and physical attributes were determined on selective depth intervals.

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