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Showing items 1 through 9 of 35.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    In the Mediterranean mountain areas of NW Syria, land degradation is a serious problem (Masri et al, 2005). Olive orchards dominate the landscape in Afrin area, and olive oil represents the most important cash income source for rural communities in this area. However, olive yields in many orchards have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years. Low return to labour has resulted in livelihood insecurity, increased reliance on off-farm labour, and out-migration.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    November, 2006
    Jordan, Western Asia

    This report describes the use of improved methodologies developed for identifying water-harvesting sites. It also provides general guidelines for determining site potential in relation to various parameters. The approach integrates multi-disciplinary knowledge, use of GIS, and verification in the field to develop and test a methodology to identify watersheds with specific characteristics – in this case, watersheds most suited to project activities within the Jordanian Badia.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    This report presents descriptive statistics derived from the survey data. It simply describes the situation in the
    Badia in spring 2005. Further ecological and economical analyses and conclusions will be reported in
    another document.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    The aim of this paper is to contribute to a more holistic understanding of farmers’ decision making process for innovations in soil conservation. In this study, farmers’ decision making has been explored in the context of a mountainous olive growing area in northwest Syria, where evidences of land degradation are widespread.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2006
    Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, Bulgaria, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Niger, Colombia, Ecuador, Romania, Burundi, El Salvador, Mali, Chile, China, Australia, New Zealand, Morocco, Turkey, Albania, Italy, Argentina, Armenia

    The present water report is the final product emanating from efforts by FAO, IWMI and others to document and understand the implications of the irrigation sector embarking on a wide reform process. It is intended to be a knowledge synthesis document that captures the global experiences emerging from a wide-reaching process targeting the reform of the irrigation sector. This study indicates that IMT is an approach for irrigation sector reform with the potential to improve the sust ainability of irrigation systems.

  6. Library Resource
    National Policies
    January, 2006
    Turkey

    Turkey’s National Action Program on Combating Desertification is a national policy with a cross-sectoral approach.

  7. Library Resource
    National Policies
    January, 2006
    Lebanon

    The Integrated Financing Strategy is a guiding framework for locating and developing a mix of financial resources to fund programs and projects related to combating desertification and sustainable land management. These resources can be either (i) available (resources that have been located and are awaiting activation, such as donor funds set aside for a specific priority) or (ii) created (generated by means of specific action steps, such as through a change in legislation or a political lobby).

  8. Library Resource
    January, 2007
    Iran, Lebanon, Western Asia, Northern Africa

    The Hima is a traditional system of resource tenure that has been practiced for more than 1400 years in the Arabian Peninsular. With the numerous deteriorations that came and halted advancement in the Arab world, and at times for different reasons, the Hima also declined. The progressive concepts of the Hima became hav been masked by the general regression suffered in the region and the recent advances accomplished by other countries, civilizations and people.

  9. Library Resource
    January, 2007
    Syrian Arab Republic, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Western Asia, Northern Africa

    This report looks at possible ways for policy-makers and decision-takers to combat and/or prevent land degradation in the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) region, both generally and specifically in the following countries: Egypt, Jordan, Syria and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

  10. Library Resource
    January, 2007
    Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Yemen, Turkey, Somalia, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Djibouti, Sudan, Lebanon, Western Asia, Northern Africa

    Poverty in the Near East and North Africa region (NENA) is mainly a rural phenomenon. Almost half (48%) the area’s population lives in rural areas. This report focuses on key rural poverty issues in 13 diverse countries in the region, without attempting to propose policy or programme actions at national or local levels. Overall, the rural poor still face traditional constraints such as water scarcity, inadequate rural infrastructure, inappropriate policies and institutions, weak local-level organisations and gender inequity.

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