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Showing items 1 through 9 of 131.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2006
    Thailand, Vietnam

    Ethnic minorities in the mountainous forest regions of northern Thailand and northern Vietnam live in a particularly restrictive political, social and economic environment. Widespread degradation of land, water and forest resources has adverse effects on the livelihoods of these groups. Given the dramatically increasing scarcity of natural resources, regulation of resource access and allocation are becoming fundamental for the development of sustainable resource management, in which an active participation of the local population in planning and implementation is a crucial prerequisite.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    In the Mediterranean mountain areas of NW Syria, land degradation is a serious problem (Masri et al, 2005). Olive orchards dominate the landscape in Afrin area, and olive oil represents the most important cash income source for rural communities in this area. However, olive yields in many orchards have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years. Low return to labour has resulted in livelihood insecurity, increased reliance on off-farm labour, and out-migration.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    This report presents descriptive statistics derived from the survey data. It simply describes the situation in the
    Badia in spring 2005. Further ecological and economical analyses and conclusions will be reported in
    another document.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    September, 2006
    Thailand, South-Eastern Asia

    The objective of this research was to assess the multiple effects of land-use change in a high populated steepland environment on land degradation processes and farmers' coping strategies. A case study was conducted at Pakha Sukcay village (located in Thailand's northern most Chiang Rai province). Erosion processes were monitored during a period of 3 years, and informal interviews were conducted to elucidate farmers' opinions.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    February, 2006

    This volume contains the presentations made at the Eighth International Conference on Dryland
    Development. It is hoped that it will serve as a repository of information on the problems and prospects of
    sustainable management of dry areas and preventing desertification, and will thus be of interest to those
    involved in research, extension, development and policy formulation for the benefit of the people of the dry areas. It is our belief it would serve as an important contribution to the objectives of the IYDD.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    May, 2006
    Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia

    The aim of this paper is to contribute to a more holistic understanding of farmers’ decision making process for innovations in soil conservation. In this study, farmers’ decision making has been explored in the context of a mountainous olive growing area in northwest Syria, where evidences of land degradation are widespread.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    November, 2006
    Morocco, Tunisia, Northern Africa

    A tragedy of the commons is unfolding in the rangelands of West Asia and North Africa (WANA), where land is either public or collectively owned. Overgrazing under this land tenure has led to severe land degradation and soil erosion. Poverty and environmental degradation are intertwined in this low-rainfall region, where more than 38 million people live in rural areas and depend mainly on agriculture. Traditional rangeland grazing provides fodder in winter and spring, while in summer and autumn the animals browse cereal stubble and other crop residues.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2006

    Weed problems continue to be an obstacle in plant protection and in natural areas, causing high costs of control and asking for adequate prevention measures. New weed problems in any given area (risk area) may arise from three basic sources: by introduction and naturalization of new weedy plant species, by increasing spread of weedy taxa that are already present in the risk area, and by the evolution of new weedy taxa in the risk area.

  9. Library Resource
    National Policies
    January, 2006

    Turkey’s National Action Program on Combating Desertification is a national policy with a cross-sectoral approach.

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