About two-thirds of the developing world’s 3 billion rural people live in about 475 million small farm households, working on land plots smaller than 2 hectares. 1 Many are poor and food insecure and have limited access to markets and services. Their choices are constrained, but they farm their land and produce food for a substantial proportion of the world’s population. Besides farming they have multiple economic activities, often in the informal economy, to contribute towards their small incomes.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2015Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Nicaragua, Bolivia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Albania
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2020Sri Lanka, United Kingdom
ABSTRACTED FROM PURPOSE OF THIS MISSION: The purpose of the mission was to gather accurate and up-to-date information from a range of sources about a number of issues concerning the treatment of Tamils including the government’s attitude to diaspora activities and the treatment of members of diaspora groups, in particular members of the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE). The mission was also interested in gathering information about the treatment of members and former members of the Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam (LTTE).
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2019Eastern Europe, Western Europe
Most countries in Western Europe have a long tradition for implementing land consolidation projects. In Central and Eastern Europe, land reforms from 1990 on in most countries resulted in farm structures characterized by excessive land fragmentation and small average farm sizes. Most CEE countries have introduced land consolidation instruments to address the structural problems. FAO has from 2000 on supported land consolidation in the region.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2013Eastern Europe, Western Europe
It has often been stated that land fragmentation and farm structures characterized by small agricultural holdings and farms divided in a large number of parcels have been the side-effect of land reform in Central and Eastern Europe. This article reports the findings of a study of land reform in 25 countries in the region from 1989 and onwards and provides an overview of applied land reform approaches. With a basis in theory on land fragmentation, the linkage between land reform approaches and land fragmentation is explored.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2018Eastern Europe, Western Europe
Most transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) face enormous challenges in developing a viable land structure, requiring a set of measures which is unprecedented in its scale and intensity to speed up this process. Analysis of policy initiatives in CEE countries illustrates that options for solving fragmentation and small scale of farms have concentrated on particular instruments like land consolidation and land banking.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsAugust, 2016Moldova, Europe
The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals
under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2018Nepal, United States of America, Jamaica, Canada, Mexico, Netherlands
More than 80 percent Canadians live in cities with almost one-quarter of country’s total population living in the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH) area. The GGH stretches in a curve around the western side of Lake Ontario with the City of Toronto occupying the northern side of the horseshoe. The GGH is an area of high potential food production as well as rapid population growth creating a mix of difficult to reconcile, opposing demands. For example, the need for housing and residential infrastructure conflicts directly with the need to preserve prime agricultural lands.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2018Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Bangladesh, Honduras, Philippines, South Africa, Italy, Iran, Argentina, India, Niger
In developed and developing countries all over the world, farmers and indigenous and local communities have traditional knowledge, expertise, skills and practices related to food security and to food and agricultural production and diversity. Since its creation in 1945, FAO has recognized the significant contributions these make to food and agriculture, and the relevance of on-farm/in situ and ex situ conservation of genetic resources for food and agriculture.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Finland, Vietnam, Albania, United States of America
The main purposes of this research are to identify and analyse the role of women and men in the forestry sector in Kosovo, and women’s and men’s ownership and use of forests. The report also aims to analyse the gender issues within the institutional policy and legal framework that governs forest management, in order to provide recommendations on how to mainstream gender in forest policies in Kosovo more effectively.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1999Estonia, Lithuania, Italy, Poland, Latvia, Russia
Land reform has been a strong part of the overall re-structuring of the Lithuanian economy and it has contributed to the gains in living standard that have been achieved since 1994. Like the other former Soviet states, Lithuania suffered strong declines in agricultural and industrial production following independence.
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