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Showing items 1 through 9 of 8.
  1. Library Resource
    July, 2013
    Albania

    In 1989, Albania's rigid political
    and socioeconomic structure shattered beyond repair.
    Turbulence soon invaded every domain of life. As the state
    imploded, so did the state-run economy. This review explores
    ongoing consequences of this difficult transformation that
    took place since 1989 and of policy initiatives to mitigate
    or ameliorate its effects. Albania has been much studied;
    the review addresses important information gaps. It

  2. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    Recent trends in Albania suggest that it
    has the potential for a modern and competitive agricultural
    sector, provided there is sufficient private investment and
    the right policy environment. This chapter looks at the role
    of agriculture in the economy and the current status of the
    sector, and outlines the implications of modernization and
    transformation of agriculture for rural areas. It also
    identifies trends and sources of growth for agriculture, and

  3. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    This sector report claims that in the
    three years between 2002 and 2005 alone, almost 235,000
    people have moved out of poverty in Albania. Strong economic
    growth and large inflow of remittances are at the center of
    this impressive achievement. However, low productivity of
    predominantly small family farms has put a drag on rural
    growth prospects. Moreover, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) program,
    the means-tested income support program is small in scale,

  4. Library Resource
    July, 2014
    Albania

    Albania has undertaken major reforms in
    its system of local government finance since 2000. What had
    been a system in which local functions were ambiguous and
    financing was largely provided through tightly controlled
    earmarked grants is now one in which functions are
    relatively clear and local governments have more autonomy
    over the allocation of funds. A new system of competitive
    grants for infrastructure investment has been introduced.

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2014
    Albania

    This report on Albania urban sector
    review focuses on trends and issues that have come to the
    fore with rapid urbanization and with the recent
    decentralization of major responsibilities to local
    governments. Continuing the achievements and addressing the
    problems will require actions by local governments and, just
    as importantly, by the central government, which sets the
    legal and regulatory conditions for local governance and the

  6. Library Resource
    March, 2013
    Albania

    Reducing poverty continues to be one of
    the main priorities of the Government of Albania. Currently,
    Albania has an ample platform to provide social protection
    to its citizens through social insurance, social assistance
    and employment programs. However, these programs are not
    efficiently linked to each other, which can lead to unclear
    and occasionally overlapping roles among the programs. Among
    these social protection programs, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) is

  7. Library Resource
    January, 2013
    Albania, Global

    Despite several attempts at reform,
    immovable property rights in Albania are not adequately
    secure and represent an important governance challenge.
    Problems have resulted from incomplete first title
    registration, the lack of accurate cadastral records, and,
    in many cases, the absence of reliable evidence of
    ownership. Although Albania has adopted legislation calling
    for restitution or compensation for owners whose property

  8. Library Resource
    April, 2012
    Albania

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

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