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Showing items 1 through 9 of 8.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2011

    Agricultural investments made by developing countries and multilateral development banks (MDBs) have declined in recent decades. This decline is associated with a slowdown in the growth of agriculture productivity. Most development institutions have recognized the damage caused by this past neglect, in part evident in rising food prices, and renewed attention to agriculture and agribusiness is emerging. But this renewed interest will need to deliver results, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the MDBs have had the least success but where the needs and opportunities are enormous.

  2. Library Resource

    A Critical Review

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa

    This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    The recent surge in food and fuel prices
    has prompted countries with high dependence on food imports
    to try and lock in future food supplies through direct
    investment in agricultural production in other countries.
    The price surges also led to a wave of proposals to invest
    in biofuels investments in agricultural land. While such
    investment can provide large benefits, it also carries
    considerable risks both to investors and citizens in the

  4. Library Resource
    March, 2012
    Global

    Interest in farmland is rising. And,
    given commodity price volatility, growing human and
    environmental pressures, and worries about food security,
    this interest will increase, especially in the developing
    world. One of the highest development priorities in the
    world must be to improve smallholder agricultural
    productivity, especially in Africa. Smallholder productivity
    is essential for reducing poverty and hunger, and more and

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    This paper uses farm panel data from
    China to examine the dynamics of land transactions, machine
    investments, and the demand for machine services. Recently,
    China's agriculture has experienced a large expansion
    of machine rentals and machine services provided by
    specialized agents, which has contributed to mechanization
    of agricultural production. The empirical results show that
    an increase in nonagricultural wage rates leads to expansion

  6. Library Resource
    April, 2014
    Vietnam

    The authors examine the impact of land
    reform in Vietnam which gives households the power to
    exchange, transfer, lease, inherit, and mortgage their
    land-use rights. The authors expect this change to increase
    the incentives as well as the ability to undertake long-term
    investments on the part of households. Their
    difference-in-differences estimation strategy takes
    advantage of the variation across provinces in the issuance

  7. Library Resource
    April, 2012
    Albania

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

  8. Library Resource
    July, 2015
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    While scholars agree on the importance
    of land rental markets for structural transformation in
    rural areas, evidence on the extent and nature of their
    operation, including potential obstacles to their improved
    functioning, remains limited. This study uses
    household-level data from six countries to start filling
    this gap and derive substantive as well as methodological
    lessons. The paper finds that rental markets transfer land

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