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Showing items 1 through 9 of 68.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    June, 2009

    This paper analyzes the economic effects of agricultural price and merchandise trade policies around the world as of 2004 on global markets, net farm incomes, and national and regional economic welfare and poverty, using the global economy wide Linkage model, new estimates of agricultural price distortions for developing countries, and poverty elasticity's approach. It addresses two questions: to what extent are policies as of 2004 still reducing rewards from farming in developing countries and thereby adding to inequality across countries in farm household incomes?

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2008

    Earnings from farming in many developing countries have been depressed by a pro-urban bias in own-country policies as well as by governments of richer countries favoring their farmers with import barriers and subsidies. Both sets of policies, which reduce national and global economic welfare and contribute to global inequality and poverty, have been undergoing reform since the 1980s.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2017
    Ethiopia, Africa

    This paper evaluates the effect of the Rural Capacity Building Project, which aimed at promoting growth by strengthening the agricultural service systems in Ethiopia and by making them more responsive to smallholders' needs. The project intended to increase the outreach of agricultural extension services to help farmers become aware of and adopt economically viable and environmentally sustainable technologies and practices. The paper examines the impact of the Rural Capacity Building Project using panel data on 1,485 geographically dispersed households in project and control kebeles.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2015
    Tanzania, Malawi, Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa

    In sub-Saharan Africa women comprise a large proportion of the agricultural labor force, yet they are consistently found to be less productive than male farmers. The gender gap in agricultural productivity-measured by the value of agricultural produce per unit of cultivated land-ranges from 4-25 percent, depending on the country and the crop.1 The World Bank Africa Gender Innovation Lab, UN Women, and the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative jointly produced a report to quantify the cost of the gender gap and the potential gains from closing that gap in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Conference Papers & Reports
    October, 1985

    In his speech, President A. W. Clausen reviews the economic and debt crisis of the last five years and shares his expectations for the next five years. The World Bank will play a vital role in a successful transition from recession to sustained economic growth. The Bank’s operational strategy rests on twin pillars: assisting borrowers in formulating adjustment programs, and helping mobilize external resources to sustain these programs. Heavily indebted middle-income countries need help to grow out of their debts.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October, 2015

    Transport plays a crucial role in connecting people to goods and services and fostering sustainable development. The literature links improved transport infrastructure to economic growth and poverty reduction through five key mechanisms: (1) reducing transport and production costs, (2) creating jobs, (3) expanding productive capacity, (4) improving access to markets and basic services like health and education, and (5) reducing prices of final goods and services.

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Ghana

    The Government of Ghana's program
    to develop a gender strategy has been supported by the World
    Bank. This article is based on a Bank-assisted sector study,
    Ghana: gender analysis and policymaking for development. The
    Bank team worked closely with Ghanaian Ministries of
    Agriculture, Micro-finance, Education, and Health to
    identify gender issues and study feasible recommendations.
    Along with the government, a broad range of stakeholders

  8. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Ethiopia

    The development plan of the Federal
    Government of Ethiopia emphasized low-cost energy supply as
    a prerequisite to the enhancement of industrial and economic
    development for the period 1984-1993. Current power planning
    studies have estimated Ethiopia's hydropower potential
    at 30,000 MW, which greatly exceeds foreseeable domestic
    demands. Presently, only 1 percent of the potential is
    utilized. The government has therefore initiated the

  9. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    There are more than 60 million
    smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Declining
    soil fertility is a fundamental impediment to agricultural
    growth and a major reason for slow growth in food production
    in SSA. In Africa, as a result of soil degradation,
    irrigated lands may be, on average, 7 percent below their
    potential productivity, rain-fed crop lands 14 percent below
    their potential and rangelands 45 percent below potential.

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