This note is part of the RAI Knowledge into Action Notes series and provides guidance on how to assist people from surrounding areas in gaining formal employment at the investment.
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Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesMarch, 2017Global
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsJune, 2009
This paper analyzes the economic effects of agricultural price and merchandise trade policies around the world as of 2004 on global markets, net farm incomes, and national and regional economic welfare and poverty, using the global economy wide Linkage model, new estimates of agricultural price distortions for developing countries, and poverty elasticity's approach. It addresses two questions: to what extent are policies as of 2004 still reducing rewards from farming in developing countries and thereby adding to inequality across countries in farm household incomes?
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2008
Earnings from farming in many developing countries have been depressed by a pro-urban bias in own-country policies as well as by governments of richer countries favoring their farmers with import barriers and subsidies. Both sets of policies, which reduce national and global economic welfare and contribute to global inequality and poverty, have been undergoing reform since the 1980s.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsAugust, 2017Ethiopia, Africa
This paper evaluates the effect of the Rural Capacity Building Project, which aimed at promoting growth by strengthening the agricultural service systems in Ethiopia and by making them more responsive to smallholders' needs. The project intended to increase the outreach of agricultural extension services to help farmers become aware of and adopt economically viable and environmentally sustainable technologies and practices. The paper examines the impact of the Rural Capacity Building Project using panel data on 1,485 geographically dispersed households in project and control kebeles.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015Tanzania, Malawi, Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa
In sub-Saharan Africa women comprise a large proportion of the agricultural labor force, yet they are consistently found to be less productive than male farmers. The gender gap in agricultural productivity-measured by the value of agricultural produce per unit of cultivated land-ranges from 4-25 percent, depending on the country and the crop.1 The World Bank Africa Gender Innovation Lab, UN Women, and the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative jointly produced a report to quantify the cost of the gender gap and the potential gains from closing that gap in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchConference Papers & ReportsOctober, 1985
In his speech, President A. W. Clausen reviews the economic and debt crisis of the last five years and shares his expectations for the next five years. The World Bank will play a vital role in a successful transition from recession to sustained economic growth. The Bank’s operational strategy rests on twin pillars: assisting borrowers in formulating adjustment programs, and helping mobilize external resources to sustain these programs. Heavily indebted middle-income countries need help to grow out of their debts.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsOctober, 2015
Transport plays a crucial role in connecting people to goods and services and fostering sustainable development. The literature links improved transport infrastructure to economic growth and poverty reduction through five key mechanisms: (1) reducing transport and production costs, (2) creating jobs, (3) expanding productive capacity, (4) improving access to markets and basic services like health and education, and (5) reducing prices of final goods and services.
Library ResourceAugust, 2012Ghana
The Government of Ghana's program
to develop a gender strategy has been supported by the World
Bank. This article is based on a Bank-assisted sector study,
Ghana: gender analysis and policymaking for development. The
Bank team worked closely with Ghanaian Ministries of
Agriculture, Micro-finance, Education, and Health to
identify gender issues and study feasible recommendations.
Along with the government, a broad range of stakeholders
Library ResourceAugust, 2012Ethiopia
The development plan of the Federal
Government of Ethiopia emphasized low-cost energy supply as
a prerequisite to the enhancement of industrial and economic
development for the period 1984-1993. Current power planning
studies have estimated Ethiopia's hydropower potential
at 30,000 MW, which greatly exceeds foreseeable domestic
demands. Presently, only 1 percent of the potential is
utilized. The government has therefore initiated the
Library ResourceAugust, 2012Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
There are more than 60 million
smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Declining
soil fertility is a fundamental impediment to agricultural
growth and a major reason for slow growth in food production
in SSA. In Africa, as a result of soil degradation,
irrigated lands may be, on average, 7 percent below their
potential productivity, rain-fed crop lands 14 percent below
their potential and rangelands 45 percent below potential.