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Showing items 1 through 9 of 9.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2015
    Tanzania, Malawi, Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa

    In sub-Saharan Africa women comprise a large proportion of the agricultural labor force, yet they are consistently found to be less productive than male farmers. The gender gap in agricultural productivity-measured by the value of agricultural produce per unit of cultivated land-ranges from 4-25 percent, depending on the country and the crop.1 The World Bank Africa Gender Innovation Lab, UN Women, and the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative jointly produced a report to quantify the cost of the gender gap and the potential gains from closing that gap in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October, 2015

    Transport plays a crucial role in connecting people to goods and services and fostering sustainable development. The literature links improved transport infrastructure to economic growth and poverty reduction through five key mechanisms: (1) reducing transport and production costs, (2) creating jobs, (3) expanding productive capacity, (4) improving access to markets and basic services like health and education, and (5) reducing prices of final goods and services.

  3. Library Resource
    April, 2015
    North Macedonia

    This country note for Macedonia is part
    of a series of country briefs that summarize information
    relevant to climate change and agriculture for four pilot
    countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region, with
    a particular focus on climate and crop projections,
    adaptation options, policy development and institutional
    involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a
    baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    Risk-aversion has generally been found
    to decrease in income. This may lead one to expect that poor
    countries will be more risk-averse than rich countries.
    Recent comparative findings with students, however, suggest
    the opposite, giving rise to a risk-income paradox. This
    paper tests this paradox by measuring the risk preferences
    of more than 500 household heads spread over the highlands
    of Ethiopia and finds high degrees of risk tolerance. The

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2015

    This article examines the effect of
    water pricing policies on farmers’ water saving behaviors,
    using original water user group (WUG) data from a reservoir
    irrigation system in China. The introduction of volumetric
    water pricing at the group level, to replace area-based
    pricing, induces institutional change to prevent each
    member’s overuse of water when the volumetric price levels
    are moderate. Depending on the initial conditions, the

  6. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    This paper uses farm panel data from
    China to examine the dynamics of land transactions, machine
    investments, and the demand for machine services. Recently,
    China's agriculture has experienced a large expansion
    of machine rentals and machine services provided by
    specialized agents, which has contributed to mechanization
    of agricultural production. The empirical results show that
    an increase in nonagricultural wage rates leads to expansion

  7. Library Resource
    July, 2015

    Launched in 2011, the Second Sustainable
    and Participatory Energy Management Project (PROGEDE II) for
    Senegal has been hailed for effectively mainstreaming a
    gender perspective into an energy project. Under the
    project, women have participated more in decision making;
    developed skills in technical production, entrepreneurship,
    and organizational management; and benefitted from increased incomes.

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2016
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    The main objective of this Economic and Sector Work (ESW) is to identify opportunities for stronger linkages between domestic agricultural supply chains and the tourism sector in the OECS, and to outline priority interventions with potential to strengthen these linkages. Since this topic has been analyzed in a number of studies, the approach for this ESW is not to conduct yet another comprehensive study.

  9. Library Resource
    July, 2015
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    While scholars agree on the importance
    of land rental markets for structural transformation in
    rural areas, evidence on the extent and nature of their
    operation, including potential obstacles to their improved
    functioning, remains limited. This study uses
    household-level data from six countries to start filling
    this gap and derive substantive as well as methodological
    lessons. The paper finds that rental markets transfer land

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