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Showing items 1 through 9 of 30.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2008
    Dominican Republic, Mexico, Chile, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean

    This study on Latin America is based on a sample of eight countries, comprising the big four economies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; Colombia and Ecuador, two of the poorest South American tropical countries; the Dominican Republic, the largest Caribbean economy; and Nicaragua, the poorest country in Central America. Together, in 2000-04, these countries accounted for 78 percent of the region's population, 80 percent of the region's agricultural value added, and 84 percent of the total gross domestic product (GDP) of Latin America.

  2. Library Resource
    August, 2013

    The report reviews the macroeconomic
    perspectives of Uruguay, focused on its rural development
    and natural resources intensive sectors, to form the basis
    for expanding agricultural production, and increasing
    productivity. It reviews the country's sectoral
    composition, exports of natural resource intensive products,
    and labor and capital use, as well as the tax burden.
    Although agriculture represents less than ten percent of the

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    The Northeast region of Brazil has long
    been the single largest pocket of rural poverty in Latin
    America. With a combined area of 1.6 million square
    kilometers-16 percent of Brazil's total-the Northeast
    is home to 45 million people, 28 percent of Brazil's
    total population , of whom 5.4 million people live on about
    $1 a day and a total of 10.7 million on $1.60 or less per
    day. Nearly half of all rural communities are in the

  4. Library Resource
    August, 2013

    This study examines how environmental
    issues have been addressed in the water sector in Brazil,
    within the context of activities of the Federal Government,
    generally, and those implemented under Bank sector
    operations, in particular. The core focus of the study lies
    in the management of water quality, as it affects both the
    users of raw water, and those who are primarily concerned
    with the disposal of wastewater. The report considers the

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This paper addresses three areas of the rural labor market-employment, labor wages, and agriculture producer incomes. Findings show that the poor allocate a lower share of their labor to farm sectors than the nonpoor do, but still around 70 percent work in agriculture, and the vast majority of rural workers are engaged in the informal sector. When examining nonfarm employment in rural Argentina, findings suggest that key determinants of access to employment and productivity in nonfarm activities are education, skills, land access, location, and gender.

  6. Library Resource
    August, 2013

    The objective of this report is to
    design an integrated strategy for rural poverty reduction in
    Brazil. It contains an updated and detailed profile of the
    rural poor in the northeast and southeast regions of Brazil;
    identifies key determinants of rural poverty in these
    regions; and proposes a five-pronged strategic framework and
    a tentative set of policy options. The latter were
    identified via an analysis of rural poverty determinants

  7. Library Resource
    September, 2013

    The purpose of this study is to assess
    agriculture's competitiveness in Colombia. During the
    past 12 years, Colombia's agricultural sector has
    performed poorly, resulting in the continuation of extensive
    rural poverty. Improving the sector's competitiveness
    is the only sure and lasting way to improve its growth
    performance and reduce poverty. Thus, the main objectives of
    this study are to assess: (a) the sector's current and

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    The authors describe and analyze water resources reform and decentralization of river basin management in the state of Ceara, Northeast Brazil, the poorest part of the country. The Jaguaribe river basin is located entirely within the state of Ceara. With a drainage area of 72,560 square kilometers, it covers almost half of the state's territory. The basin has 80 municipalities and more than 2 million people, about half rural and half urban, in primarily small towns, representing about a third of Ceara's population.

  9. Library Resource
    December, 2013

    Spatial disparity in incomes and
    productivity is apparent across and within countries. Most
    studies of the determinants of such differences focus on
    cross-country comparisons or location choice among firms.
    Less studied are the large differences in agricultural
    productivity within countries related to concentrations of
    rural poverty. For policy, understanding the determinants of
    this geography of agricultural productivity is important,

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    Rural poverty remains a crucial part of the poverty picture in Argentina. This paper used a rural dataset collected by the World Bank in 2003. Findings show that extreme income poverty in rural areas reached 39 percent of the people or 200,000-250,000 indigent families.

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