Between Vietnam’s independence and its reunification in 1975, the country’s socialist land tenure system was underpinned by the principle of “land to the tiller”. During this period, government redistributed land to farmers that was previously owned by landlords. The government’s “egalitarian” approach to land access was central to the mass support that it needed during the Indochinese war.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2019Vietnam
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2019Southern Asia
Globally, increased investor interest in land is confronting various types of political mobilisations from communities at the grassroots level. This paper examines the case study of a land occupation movement called Chengara struggle in the largest corporate plantation in southern India. The movement is led by the historically dispossessed scheduled caste and scheduled tribe communities. The objective of the study is to understand the type of institutional transformation of property rights that the movement is calibrating.
Library ResourceDecember, 1999Bangladesh, Philippines
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Indonesia, South-Eastern Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Bangladesh, Southern Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Vietnam
Research and policy debates over natural resource management in developing countries have largely focused on identifying the set of institutions that best supports resource sustainability and poverty alleviation. We argue that beyond finding the right institutional fit for a social-ecological system, it is equally important to understand how context affects the design and outcomes of institutional reforms. We propose a refined conceptualisation of context, based on a revision of the Institutional Analysis and Development framework.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Nepal
This article highlights the continued significance of pre-capitalist formations in shaping the trajectory of economic transition in peripheral regions, even in an era of neo-liberal globalisation. There is a tendency for Marxist scholars to assume the inevitable “dominance” of capitalism over older modes of production. Using a case study from Nepal's far eastern Tarai, this paper seeks to understand the reproduction of feudal social relations in a region which is both accessible and integrated into regional and global markets.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksApril, 2018Mozambique, Philippines, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Ghana, India, Republic of Korea, Colombia, Brazil, Cuba, Asia
This study draws on some case studies of land reforms in different South Asian countries. These reforms came on the national and international agenda in a major way in the post- World-War II period and were led by the transition theory, requiring agriculture to provide both surplus and labor for the growth of a modern industrial economy and leading to focus on efficiency in agricultural production (which would release resources -capital and labor- for investment in the modern industrial sector), rather than on distribution.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJuly, 2018Dominica, Burkina Faso, Honduras, Belgium, Uzbekistan, South Africa, Lesotho, Uganda, Spain, Zimbabwe, Denmark, Germany, Tanzania, Zambia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Senegal, Italy, Brazil, Switzerland
From the outset, the development of agriculture has been strongly associated with women’s endeavour. In fact, women’s contribution to agriculture goes back to the origins of farming and the domestication of animals when the first human settlements were established more than 6 000 years ago. Over the years, the division of responsibilities and labour within households and communities tended to place farming and nutrition-related tasks under women’s domain. Nowadays, in many societies women continue to be mainly responsible for family food security and nutrition.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2018Guinea, Ivory Coast, Myanmar
The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) set out internationally-accepted principles and standards for responsible practices, providing a framework for governments, the private sector and civil society to use when developing policies and programmes for improving food security.
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