This detailed timeline provides further background information on the history and land governance of Zimbabwe summarised in the Land Portal country profile.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2020Zimbabwe
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2016Norway, Russia, United States of America
Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and tenure since 1991: agricultural land has been largely privatized, individual landowners now have legal rights to most agricultural land in the country, and prohibitions on buying and selling of land have been recently removed. The necessary pre-conditions for the development of agricultural land markets have been met and we are beginning to witness transactions that involve individual landowners, and not only the state.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Global
“Land matters” – more than ever! Can land be dealt with like other resources or – in terms of an economic perspective– forms of capital. Or does it attract particular meanings, sentiments, interests, acquisition strategies or social relations?
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsJanuary, 2017Global
This policy hub brings together useful resources for policy makers on a wide variety of topics: formulating investment policies, negotiating investment agreements, monitoring investment policies in other countries and more.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 1974Philippines
IDRC personnel. Address on the evaluation of martial law in the Philippines - analyses the effects of martial law (e.g., lower crime rate, land reform, increased foreign investment, curtailment of civil liberties, higher cost of living, slow pace of social reform); discusses current events in the Philippines (e.g., political ideologycal trends, political power of the technocracy), and pressures that will probably lead to the lifting of martial law. Bibliographic notes.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2015China, Cambodia, Laos
The Cambodian government allowed 1,204,750 hectares as economic land concession (ELC) to 118 local and international companies. Global Witness reported that 2.6 million ha had been given in 272 ELCs, mainly for rubber plantations. Many concessionaires do not comply with their contracts, nor with existing land and forest laws. Government revenues from timber exports are extremely low. Deforestation, and removal of luxury timbers has increased dramatically. Land concessions rob local communities of their income from non-timber forest products.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsApril, 2015
Public lands accounted for 80% of the country area until a decade ago. As Cambodia emerged from three decades of civil war and internal strife, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has granted more than 10% of the country area or 50% of the cultivatable land as large scale “Economic Land Concessions” (ELCs) to private companies, mostly foreign owned, in a mostly rigged process. Land disputes have become a permanent fixture in the press and a hot issue on human rights reports.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2019Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan has embarked on significant reforms since early 2017, aiming to improve the lives of ordinary citizens, enable business development, and open up to neighbors. The scale of changes is unprecedented. The new government aspires to modernize the country and to move it toward upper middle-income status. The formulation of the country partnership strategy (CPS) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is timely for supporting this reform agenda through investment financing, policy support, and capacity development.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Nepal
The caste system is an intricate part of the institutional structure as well as class formation, political instability and conflicts in Nepal. The most severely discriminated group in the caste system is the Dalits, the so-called “untouchables”. Dalits faced religious, occupational and even, territorial discrimination. They were traditionally excluded from receiving education, using public resources, and had no rights to own land (Dahal 1995; CHRGJ 2005; Haug, Aasland and Dahal 2009).
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsJournal Articles & BooksPolicy Papers & BriefsFebruary, 2021Kenya
With the promulgation of the Constitution of Kenya, 2010 (CoK 2010), land was classified into public, private and community lands, occasioning the need for clear guidelines on acquisition of public land acquisition within the community land while appreciating the provision of the Community Land Act, 2016.
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