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Showing items 1 through 9 of 12.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2015
    Ukraine

    Ukraine is one of the most dynamically changing agricultural countries in the world. The main factor behind the drastic changes in agricultural production is of course the Land Reform that started in 1991. Transfer of land ownership and restructuring of traditional farms created opportunities for the appearance of new farming units. Based on the survey data in Zhytomyr oblast, this paper investigates how private farms changed their farming sizes in the process of the Land Reform. This paper also discusses factors for the change and characteristics of expanding private farms.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2001
    Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Armenia, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe

    The former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (that is, Europe east of Germany and west of the Urals, but including all of Russia) began a transition to a market economy in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. This paper looks at one aspect of that transition: the transition from state ownership to private ownership of agricultural land and the accompanying transition to a land market for agricultural land.

  3. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Vietnam

    In the wake of reforms to establish a free market in land-use rights, Vietnam is experiencing a pronounced rise in rural landlessness. To some observers this is a harmless by-product of a more efficient economy, while to others it signals the return of the pre-socialist class-structure, with the rural landless at the bottom of the economic ladder. The authors' theoretical model suggests that removing restrictions on land markets will increase landlessness among the poor, but that there will be both gainers and losers, with uncertain impacts on aggregate poverty.

  4. Library Resource
    March, 2012
    Global

    Interest in farmland is rising. And,
    given commodity price volatility, growing human and
    environmental pressures, and worries about food security,
    this interest will increase, especially in the developing
    world. One of the highest development priorities in the
    world must be to improve smallholder agricultural
    productivity, especially in Africa. Smallholder productivity
    is essential for reducing poverty and hunger, and more and

  5. Library Resource
    February, 2013
    China

    This report evaluates the legal
    framework for rural land rights, the regulations of rural
    housing sites, the effects of land requisition on farmers
    who lose land, and some selected issues affecting urban land
    rights. The focus of this report is how to enhance property
    rights in a number of different contexts. The report makes a
    series of specific policy recommendations for rural
    agricultural land, rural housing land, to protect rights in

  6. Library Resource
    March, 2013
    Global

    Land policy, administration and
    management are areas of strong client demand for technical
    advice and operational support. This review sought to help
    the Bank better position itself to present coherent advice
    on policy, institutional arrangements and practice. The
    potential implications are a lowering of reputational risk
    to the Bank; greater efficiency in the process including
    joint data gathering; and building of greater momentum and

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Thailand

    In the 1980s the Thai government tried to legalize squatters by issuing special titles that restricted the sale and rental of the land. Using data from 2,874 farming households collected in 1997, the author finds that in places where these government titles where issued, leased plots are more likely to be titled than those that are self-cultivated. For these areas, he uses a model to estimate a 6 percent risk premium in the rental rate for untitled plots.

  8. Library Resource
    April, 2014
    Vietnam

    The authors examine the impact of land
    reform in Vietnam which gives households the power to
    exchange, transfer, lease, inherit, and mortgage their
    land-use rights. The authors expect this change to increase
    the incentives as well as the ability to undertake long-term
    investments on the part of households. Their
    difference-in-differences estimation strategy takes
    advantage of the variation across provinces in the issuance

  9. Library Resource
    March, 2012
    Global

    The 2007-2008 upsurge in agricultural
    commodity prices gave rise to widespread concern about
    investors causing a "global land rush". Large land
    deals can provide opportunities for better access to
    capital, transfer of technology, and advances in
    productivity and employment generation. But they carry risks
    of dispossession and loss of livelihoods, corruption,
    deterioration in local food security, environmental damage,

  10. Library Resource
    April, 2012
    Albania

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

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