This report draws on 10 case studies of recent large-scale land deals and aims to improve understanding of the investment chains that underpin the deals, and to identify ‘pressure points’ for effective public action to ensure that investments respond to local and national development agendas and promote inclusive sustainable development. The findings of this research demonstrate the wide scope for strategies to be targeted at diverse actors, by a wide range of players, to ensure that investments uphold the Voluntary Guidelines (VGGT).
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Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 10.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2014Global
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Global
This article reflects on the Tenure Guidelines as a tool for addressing resource governance challenges. It outlines the process through which the Tenure Guidelines were developed and reviews key features of their content, and then focuses on two issues: the legal significance of the VGGT, and the nature of initiatives to advance their implementation.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesJanuary, 2013Global
This guide offers a three-point framework for companies seeking to integrate FPIC principles into their policies and apply them in the operations. This includes
• complying with the requirements for FPIC under international and national law,
• implementing FPIC principles throughout the project life-cycle, and
• extending FPIC processes to all project-affected communities in line with good practice guidance. It also seeks to
• articulate the relevance of FPIC to company policy and practice, and
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksReports & ResearchJanuary, 2018Global
From the mid-2000s, a commodity boom underpinned a wave of land use investments in low- and middle-income countries. While agribusiness, mining and petroleum concessions often involve promises of jobs and public revenues, they have also prompted concerns about land dispossession, exclusionary investment models and infringements of the rights of vulnerable groups.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksReports & ResearchAugust, 2017Uganda
An estimated 60 per cent of the world’s 17 million refugees currently reside in cities, where they often lack access to financial assistance and legal protection.(1) In their absence, displaced populations depend on participation in formal and, more frequently, informal markets for livelihood generation.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsAugust, 2017India
After natural disasters, governments often relocate vulnerable urban communities in the name of humanitarian relief. But urban communities rarely welcome such relocation, since it frequently exacerbates their daily challenges or creates new risks. Indeed, resettlement after a disaster is often another form of eviction. This briefing discusses the situation in Chennai, where state and local authorities have been building resettlement tenements on inland marsh areas using centrally sponsored schemes for affordable housing.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2013Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia
Large-scale land acquisitions are increasing in pace and scale, in particular across parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Weak governance and poor land use planning mean that commercial ‘land grabs’ often damage biodiversity as well as dispossessing people from customary rights and livelihoods. Land can also be ‘grabbed’ for ‘green’ purposes, triggering conflicts that undermine potential synergies. Expanded state protected areas, land for carbon offset markets and REDD, and for private conservation projects all potentially conflict with community rights.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2016Tanzania
Despite progressive provisions on gender equality in Tanzania’s land laws, women have little representation in land allocation decisions, including meetings of village councils and village assemblies. Mainstreaming gender in local regulations can help to address this problem.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2016South America, Africa, Europe, United States of America
This yearbook chapter discusses the link between international investment law and commercial pressures on the world’s natural resources. It argues that changes in legal frameworks are redefining control over natural resources, and facilitating transitions toward more commercialised land relations. As pressures on resources increase, many national laws undermine the rights of people impacted by investments. If not properly thought through, international treaties to protect foreign investment could compound shortcomings of local and national governance.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2016Western Africa
The recent wave of land deals for agribusiness investments has highlighted the widespread demand for greater accountability in the governance of land and investment. Legal frameworks influence opportunities for accountability, and recourse to law has featured prominently in grassroots responses to the land deals.