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Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 39.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Myanmar
Fish farming (aquaculture) is important to Myanmar’s food security and is developing and transforming quickly. This brief presents findings from a new field survey of the farmed fish value chain that is more detailed and broader than any previous study conducted in Myanmar. Many of our findings are at odds with what we perceive as conventional wisdom about fish farming in Myanmar. The findings have important policy implications to unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Southern Africa, Central Asia, South America, Africa, Asia, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Southern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, South America, Africa, Asia
In addition to global developments and food policy changes, 2014 also saw important developments with potentially wide repercussions in individual countries and regions. This chapter offers perspectives on major food policy developments in various regions including Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015
The costs of doing nothing about land degradation are several times higher than the costs of taking action to reverse it. Despite the crucial role land plays in human welfare and development, investments in sustainable land management are low, especially in developing countries. These findings come from the book, Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement—A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development, which examines the costs of land degradation and what needs to be done to reverse it.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015
To feed the world’s growing population, more food needs to be produced. In addition to cropland expansion, which faces a variety of constraints, increasing cropping intensity may provide a promising means of boosting global crop production. Yet information on the size and location of cropping intensity gaps—the difference between the maximum cropping intensity that is theoretically possible and the cropping intensity that is realized today—for current global croplands, and how much additional production can potentially be achieved by closing these gaps, is lacking.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Ethiopia
Ethiopia’s agricultural sector has recorded remarkable rapid growth in the last decade. This paper documents aspects of this growth process. Over the last decade, there have been significant increases - more than a doubling - in the use of modern inputs, such as chemical fertilizers and improved seeds, explaining part of that growth. However, there was also significant land expansion, increased labor use, and Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth, estimated at 2.3 percent per year.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Fiji, Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea
Climate change projections internationally accepted as being reliable indicate that most countries in the Pacific region will suffer large-scale negative impacts from climate change. These impacts are likely to include elevated air and sea-surface temperatures, increasingly unpredictable rainfall patterns, rising sea levels, and intensification of extreme weather events such as tropical cyclones and El Niño-related droughts.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Ghana
For decades, policymakers and development practitioners have debated benefits and threats of property rights formalization and private versus customary tenure systems. This paper provides insights into the challenges in understanding and empirically analyzing the relationship between tenure systems and agricultural investment, and formulates policy advice that can support land tenure interventions. We focus on Ghana, based on extensive qualitative fieldwork and a review of empirical research and policy documents.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015South America, Argentina
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015