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Showing items 1 through 9 of 11.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Myanmar

    The purpose of this report is to provide information and analysis to government, civil society, and donors interested in improving the well-being of the rural population of Mon State, Myanmar. Specifically, the report analyzes the different sources of income for rural households, as well as their socioeconomic characteristics, with a view to helping identify constraints on growth and potential pathways to improving incomes.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Myanmar

    This report offers specific policy and investment options articulated around two broad areas: (1) stimulating growth in agriculture and sustainable management of fisheries and (2) providing public infrastructure and services that strengthen the enabling environment.

  3. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Malawi

    Contract farming is emerging as an important governance structure in certain agricultural value chains. This study was done with the objectives of understanding the contractual relations between buyers and small-scale growers in the tobacco industry in Malawi and the impact of contract farming on smallholder incomes. Cross-sectional data was collected from 211 contract and 109 non-contract smallholder burley tobacco farmers who sold tobacco in the 2012/13 season. Two analyses were undertaken.

  4. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Senegal

    Health-related incentives to reward effort or commitment are commonplace in many professional contracts throughout the world. Typically absent from small-scale agriculture in poor countries, such incentives may help overcome both health issues for remote rural families and supply issues for firms. Using a randomized control design, we investigate the impact of adding a micronutrient-fortified product in contracts between a Senegalese dairy processing factory and its seminomadic milk suppliers.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    South-Eastern Asia

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has emerged as a global fish producer, owing to the rapid growth of aquaculture in Southeast Asia and its large offshore fishing fleet. Fish is a regional commodity that is traded globally, and this region is at the frontline of the global trend toward meeting seafood demand by 2050. Fisheries and aquaculture are increasingly becoming a primary source of protein and micronutrients, foreign exchange, livelihoods and well-being for the population in the region.

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017

    Existing approaches and methodologies that investigate effects of land degradation on food security vary greatly. Although a relatively rich body of literature that investigates localized experiences, geophysical and socioeconomic drivers of land degradation, and the costs and benefits of avoiding land degradation already exists, less rigorously explored are the global effects of restoring degraded landscapes.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017

    The results of this study reveal that the full inclusion of crop production in the forest landscape restoration approach could produce largescale,
    worldwide benefits for food security and therefore facilitate a wide uptake of restoration practices and the implementation of large
    restoration projects. The positive impacts are multifaceted and significant in size: a reduction in malnourished children ranging from three
    to six million; a reduced number of people at risk of hunger, estimated to be between 70 and 151 million; reduced pressure for expansion

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    Western Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Ghana

    The focus in this paper is on two relatively large maize-based contract farming (CF) schemes with fixed input packages (Masara and Akate) and a number of smaller and more flexible CF schemes in a remote region in Ghana (Upper West). Results show that these schemes led to improved technology adoption and yield increases. In addition, a subset of maize farmers with high yield improvements due to CF participation had high gross margins. However, on average, yields were not high enough to compensate for higher input requirements and cost of capital.

  9. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017

    Stunting affects 160 million pre-school children around the world, and imposes significant costs on a child’s health, cognitive development, schooling and economic performance. Stunting in early childhood has been linked to poor dietary diversity, notably low intake of animal-sourced foods (ASFs) rich in high quality protein and other growth-stimulating nutrients. Surprisingly, however, very little economic research has focused on ASFs and child growth. In this paper we redress this omission through an analysis of 112,553 children aged 6-23 months from 46 countries.

  10. Library Resource
    Women’s Land Rights as a Pathway to Poverty Reduction  cover image

    A framework and review of available evidence

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    July, 2017
    Global

    Land is an important asset for rural households, and having secure land rights is important for poverty reduction. Despite the large body of literature on the relationship between land tenure security, livelihoods, and poverty, most of this literature is based on household-level data and does not consider possible intrahousehold inequalities in land ownership.

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