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Showing items 1 through 9 of 49.
  1. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008
    Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Uganda

    Agriculture is vital to the economies of Sub-Saharan Africa: two-thirds of the region’s people depend on it for their livelihoods. Nevertheless, agricultural productivity in most of the region is stagnant or declining, in large part because of land degradation. Soil erosion and soil nutrient depletion degraded almost 70 percent of the region’s land between 1945 and 1990; 20 percent of total agricultural land has been severely degraded. If left unchecked, land degradation could seriously threaten the progress of economic growth and poverty reduction in Africa.

  2. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2007
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia

    This article investigates the effects of wheat genetic diversity and land degradation on risk and agricultural productivity in less favored production environments of a developing agricultural economy. Drawing production data from a household survey conducted in the highlands of Ethiopia, we estimate a stochastic production function to evaluate the effects of variety richness, land degradation, and their interaction on the mean and the variance of wheat yield. Ethiopia is a center of diversity for durum wheat and farmers manage complex variety mixtures on multiple plots.

  3. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2004
    Eastern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Uganda

    This paper investigates the patterns and determinants of change in income strategies ("development pathways"), land management, resource and human welfare conditions in Uganda since 1990, based upon a community-level survey conducted in 107 villages. Six dominant development pathways were found, all but one of which involved increasing specialization in already dominant activities. Of these, expansion of banana and coffee production was most associated with adoption of resource-conserving practices and improvements in resource conditions and welfare.

  4. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Eastern Africa, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda
  5. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    December, 1994
  6. Library Resource
    Institutional & promotional materials
    December, 1994
  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 1999

    "Degradation of natural resources has become a global problem that threatens the livelihood of millions of poor people. Many promising technologies for natural resource management are available to address these problems, but farmers and others often fail to adopt them. Why is this? Although many factors can be identified, lack of secure property rights and collective action deserve greater attention from policy makers and technology developers.

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