The chapter describes some of the political challenges involved in managing the transition from emergency activities to longer-term 'developmental' policies in Rwanda and Burundi. In post-genocide Rwanda, uncompensated expropriation and a nationwide settlement policy may have reduced short-term problems over secondary occupation of property, but have created lingering grievances. International agencies have underplayed the role of state agency in their analysis of these problems.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2009Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2010Global
The international community has recently hailed the restoration of property rights for people uprooted by armed conflict as a means of remedying forced displacement. Proponents of property restitution assert that this remedy can enhance the rule of law in a post-conflict society by promoting reconciliation and bolstering economic and social stability. A United Nations (U.N.) subcommission has endorsed a set of legal and technical guidelines for constructing a property restitution scheme.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2009Sierra Leone
This Scoping Mission Report, aimed at identifying the key land policy and land tenure reform issues and processes facing Sierra Leone, is based on extensive consultations with a wide range of stakeholders and review of available literature, undertaken in July 2009. It was commissioned by the Recovery for Development Unit of the UNDP in collaboration with the Ministry of Lands, Country Planning and the Environment. It will serve the purpose of enhancing public dialogue and programme development on land reform, and to also guide the coordination of initiatives and resource mobilization.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2010Global
The recent Secretary General’s “Report on Peacebuilding in the Immediate Aftermath of Conflict” warns of the threats posed by the failure to restore state authority to lead the peacebuilding process in early post‐conflict situations. This report advocates for coherent and well coordinated early action to support post‐conflict governments to build core state capacities that will help to restore legitimacy and effectiveness. This paper lays out a framework for reconsidering the unique challenges post‐conflict contexts pose to processes of state capacity development.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2009Global
Since 1990 at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources. In fact, recent research suggests that over the last sixty years at least forty percent of all intrastate conflicts have a link to natural resources. Civil wars such as those in Liberia, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have centred on high-value resources like timber, diamonds, gold, minerals and oil. Other conflicts, including those in Darfur and the Middle East, have involved control of scarce resources such as fertile land and water.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Angola, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, United States of America, Congo, Comoros, Cameroon, Uzbekistan, Switzerland, Kenya, Zambia, Denmark, Rwanda, Philippines, Kyrgyzstan, Italy, Brazil, Tunisia, Argentina, Sudan, Papua New Guinea, Czech Republic
Forests, trees and woodlands cover almost one-third of the Earth’s land area. They are a crucial source of food and income for more than a billion people around the globe. They provide a variety of wood and non-wood products and vital ecosystem services – preventing erosion from wind and water, preserving water quality, shading crops and livestock, absorbing carbon which contributes to countering climate change, and providing habitat for many species of plants and animals, thus helping to conserve the planet’s biological diversity.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2010Iraq
Iraq is seeking to be a peaceful and stable nation under the auspices of a federal democracy. It is also seeking to be an effective nation that functions in accordance with market mechanisms and a regional economic power.
Library ResourceRegulationsMarch, 2009Benin
Le présent Arrêté crée un réseau d'échanges d'informations sur les substances chimiques.
Library ResourceJuly, 2009
The Heads of States and Government of the African Union, met at the 13th Ordinary Session in Sirte, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, from 1 to 3 July 2009 reaffirming the commitments made to poverty eradication with the view to raising the living standards of peoples and the wellbeing of future generations. They undertake to: 1. prioritise, initiate and lead land policy development and implementation processes in the countries, notwithstanding the extent of multi-stakeholder contribution to such processes involving also civil society and private sector; 2.
Library ResourceRegulationsJune, 2009Bosnia and Herzegovina
This Regulation sets the conditions governing the procedures and terms for obtaining the lease of specific forest land parcel if public/state owned; and only if not previously assigned/intended for different purpose (if not part of the area covered with strategic environmental or planning documents).This Regulation provides for administrative requirements, economic related provisions, procedural issues and contents for contracts to be stipulated in relation with lease requests.
Implements: Forest Law (Republic of Srpska). (2008-07-17)