Since the reform era began in 1978, there have been significant changes in the nature and incidence of disputes, conflicts, and social disturbances, as well as the mechanisms for addressing them. As with economic and governance reforms, the government has adopted a pragmatic, problem-solving approach as it has attempted to meet the broad and, at times, conflicting goals of justice and efficiency while maintaining sociopolitical stability and rapid economic growth.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009China
Library ResourceRegulationsNovember, 2009Senegal
Le présent décret crée l’Agence nationale de l’Aménagement du Territoire (ANAT), ayant pour missions de promouvoir et de mettre en œuvre la politique gouvernementale en matière d’aménagement du territoire, de travaux géographiques et cartographiques et d’amélioration du cadre de vie des populations.
Library ResourceRegulationsNovember, 2009China
The purpose of these Provisions is for regulating the administrative reconsideration on land and resources, further exerting the role of the administrative reconsideration system in tackling the administrative disputes over land and resources and resolving social contradictions and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other organizations.
Library ResourceLegislationNovember, 2009Estonia
The Act regulates marriage in Estonia. Notably, it states that prospective spouses may, by agreement, select a proprietary relationship from among the types of proprietary relations set out in the Act before the contraction of marriage by an application for marriage. The types of proprietary relations include jointness of property; set-off of assets increment; or separateness of property. Spouses may also enter into a marital property contract. In certain situations, the land registry is used for determining the property rights of spouses upon separation.
Library ResourceRegulationsNovember, 2009China
These Measures, consisting of 27 Articles, are formulated in order to strengthen the management of land and resources, and standardize the supervision and inspection work.The Measures provide for the responsibilities of the competent land and resources authorities at various levels on supervising and inspecting violations. The land and resources administrative departments at or above county level shall establish a dynamic inspection system, timely detection and investigate and deal with violations of land and resources.
Library ResourceRegulationsNovember, 2009Bulgaria
This Regulation hereby officially suspends the decision that previously granted the use of land plots (farmland, forests, buildings and moveable property) for which the effective recognition and restoration decisions have been made as compensation for the recognized successors of the former kings Ferdinand I and Boris III (also suspends the exploitation and construction activities).
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesReports & ResearchNovember, 2009Global
The drylands of Africa, exclusive of hyper-arid zones, occupy about 43 per cent of the continent, and are home to a rapidly growing population that currently stands at about 325 million people. Dry zones, inclusive of hyper-arid lands, cover over 70 per cent of the continent’s terrestrial surface. Outside of the cities many dryland inhabitants are either pastoralists, sedentary or nomadic, or agro-pastoralists, combining livestock-rearing and crop production where conditions allow.
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesNovember, 2009Kenya, Eastern Africa
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a new index-based livestock insurance (IBLI)
product designed to compensate for area average predicted livestock mortality loss in
northern Kenya, where previous work has established the presence of poverty traps. We
simulate household-specific wealth dynamics based on a model parameterized using rich
panel and experimental data from the region. The simulations allow us to investigate
patterns of willingness to pay for asset index insurance that is imperfectly correlated with
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksNovember, 2009Uganda, Eastern Africa
The traditional lifestyle of nomadic pastoralists is vanishing rapidly, because of human population growth which often leads to land scarcity or political pressure on pastoralists to settle. The sedentarisation of the Bahima pastoralists in Western Uganda started in the 1940s and is still going on. In this study former nomadic cattle keepers, who have settled with their families, were interviewed in order to document the decision to settle and the subsequent changes in the lifestyle of these people. All interviewees expressed their satisfaction with their sedentary life.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2009Africa, Eastern Africa
During the past 70 years, concerted efforts by the national veterinary services of affected countries from Senegal to China and Russia to South Africa—aided by international organizations—have brought the once-dreaded rinderpest virus to the point of extinction. In the near future, we can expect to see a global declaration of freedom from rinderpest, the first time this has been achieved for a livestock disease. The devastation wrought by rinderpest stimulated the founding of veterinary schools in many countries, and provided the basis for the development of the veterinary profession.
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