The chapter describes some of the political challenges involved in managing the transition from emergency activities to longer-term 'developmental' policies in Rwanda and Burundi. In post-genocide Rwanda, uncompensated expropriation and a nationwide settlement policy may have reduced short-term problems over secondary occupation of property, but have created lingering grievances. International agencies have underplayed the role of state agency in their analysis of these problems.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2009Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2010Global
The international community has recently hailed the restoration of property rights for people uprooted by armed conflict as a means of remedying forced displacement. Proponents of property restitution assert that this remedy can enhance the rule of law in a post-conflict society by promoting reconciliation and bolstering economic and social stability. A United Nations (U.N.) subcommission has endorsed a set of legal and technical guidelines for constructing a property restitution scheme.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2010Global
The recent Secretary General’s “Report on Peacebuilding in the Immediate Aftermath of Conflict” warns of the threats posed by the failure to restore state authority to lead the peacebuilding process in early post‐conflict situations. This report advocates for coherent and well coordinated early action to support post‐conflict governments to build core state capacities that will help to restore legitimacy and effectiveness. This paper lays out a framework for reconsidering the unique challenges post‐conflict contexts pose to processes of state capacity development.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2009Global
Since 1990 at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources. In fact, recent research suggests that over the last sixty years at least forty percent of all intrastate conflicts have a link to natural resources. Civil wars such as those in Liberia, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have centred on high-value resources like timber, diamonds, gold, minerals and oil. Other conflicts, including those in Darfur and the Middle East, have involved control of scarce resources such as fertile land and water.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Angola, Liechtenstein, Bangladesh, United States of America, Congo, Comoros, Cameroon, Uzbekistan, Switzerland, Kenya, Zambia, Denmark, Rwanda, Philippines, Kyrgyzstan, Italy, Brazil, Tunisia, Argentina, Sudan, Papua New Guinea, Czech Republic
Forests, trees and woodlands cover almost one-third of the Earth’s land area. They are a crucial source of food and income for more than a billion people around the globe. They provide a variety of wood and non-wood products and vital ecosystem services – preventing erosion from wind and water, preserving water quality, shading crops and livestock, absorbing carbon which contributes to countering climate change, and providing habitat for many species of plants and animals, thus helping to conserve the planet’s biological diversity.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesSeptember, 2009United Kingdom
The Strategy's vision by 2030 aims at soils being managed sustainably and degradation threats tackled successfully. This will improve the quality of England’s soils and safeguard their ability to provide essential services for future generations.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesDecember, 2009Fiji
The Agriculture Strategic Development Plan is a national policy with a multi-sectoral approach. The Timeframe of this Plan is 3 years between 2010 and 2012.
Library ResourceLegislationJanuary, 2009Brazil
This Complementary Law, consisting of 42 articles divided into seven Chapters, establishes the Planning and Territorial Planning System of the State of Roraima. The above mentioned System, called SPOT/RR, is the main guiding instrument for planning of land occupation and control of the use of natural resources of the territory of the State of Roraima, in the implementation of plans, programmes, projects, works and public and private activities. The purpose of the SPOT/RR is to implement the provisions of art.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2009Uganda
These Guidelines are of guidance to institutions for yearly planning in water resources management.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2009Global
This is a brief for Policy Makers titled "From Land Degradation to Land Health"
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