The chapter describes some of the political challenges involved in managing the transition from emergency activities to longer-term 'developmental' policies in Rwanda and Burundi. In post-genocide Rwanda, uncompensated expropriation and a nationwide settlement policy may have reduced short-term problems over secondary occupation of property, but have created lingering grievances. International agencies have underplayed the role of state agency in their analysis of these problems.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2009Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2009Sierra Leone
This Scoping Mission Report, aimed at identifying the key land policy and land tenure reform issues and processes facing Sierra Leone, is based on extensive consultations with a wide range of stakeholders and review of available literature, undertaken in July 2009. It was commissioned by the Recovery for Development Unit of the UNDP in collaboration with the Ministry of Lands, Country Planning and the Environment. It will serve the purpose of enhancing public dialogue and programme development on land reform, and to also guide the coordination of initiatives and resource mobilization.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2010Global
The recent Secretary General’s “Report on Peacebuilding in the Immediate Aftermath of Conflict” warns of the threats posed by the failure to restore state authority to lead the peacebuilding process in early post‐conflict situations. This report advocates for coherent and well coordinated early action to support post‐conflict governments to build core state capacities that will help to restore legitimacy and effectiveness. This paper lays out a framework for reconsidering the unique challenges post‐conflict contexts pose to processes of state capacity development.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2009Global
Since 1990 at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources. In fact, recent research suggests that over the last sixty years at least forty percent of all intrastate conflicts have a link to natural resources. Civil wars such as those in Liberia, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo have centred on high-value resources like timber, diamonds, gold, minerals and oil. Other conflicts, including those in Darfur and the Middle East, have involved control of scarce resources such as fertile land and water.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2010Iraq
Iraq is seeking to be a peaceful and stable nation under the auspices of a federal democracy. It is also seeking to be an effective nation that functions in accordance with market mechanisms and a regional economic power.
Library ResourceLegislationFebruary, 2009Estonia
The Act regulates the acquisition of land on which a usufruct has been established under the Land Reform Act. According to the document, land subject to usufruct under the Land Reform Act which is not required for the exercise of the powers of state, to a local government for the performance of its functions or for other public purposes may be acquired.
Library ResourceRegulationsMay, 2009China
These Regulations provide for the prevention of land desertification, the transformation of desertified land and the protection of the safety of the environment in Liaoning province. The Regulations consist of 37 articles.The provincial administrative department in charge of forestry o shall work out the planning of desert prevention and transformation of the whole country.
Library ResourceNational PoliciesJanuary, 2010Philippines
The Phil NAP 2010‐2020 is formulated in support to the strategy 2008‐2018 to enhance the implementation of the UNCCD at the country level.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2009South America
Bosques para el desarrollo: el debate en la Amazonía
Pablo Pacheco *
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2009Global
In the not so long history of humankind, our ancestors too often fought for land and water. Those days have returned.
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