Most countries in Western Europe have a long tradition for implementing land consolidation projects. In Central and Eastern Europe, land reforms from 1990 on in most countries resulted in farm structures characterized by excessive land fragmentation and small average farm sizes. Most CEE countries have introduced land consolidation instruments to address the structural problems. FAO has from 2000 on supported land consolidation in the region.
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2019Eastern Europe, Western Europe
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2013Eastern Europe, Western Europe
It has often been stated that land fragmentation and farm structures characterized by small agricultural holdings and farms divided in a large number of parcels have been the side-effect of land reform in Central and Eastern Europe. This article reports the findings of a study of land reform in 25 countries in the region from 1989 and onwards and provides an overview of applied land reform approaches. With a basis in theory on land fragmentation, the linkage between land reform approaches and land fragmentation is explored.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2018Eastern Europe, Western Europe
Most transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) face enormous challenges in developing a viable land structure, requiring a set of measures which is unprecedented in its scale and intensity to speed up this process. Analysis of policy initiatives in CEE countries illustrates that options for solving fragmentation and small scale of farms have concentrated on particular instruments like land consolidation and land banking.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJuly, 2019Africa, Ethiopia, Uganda, Namibia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Brazil, Peru, Asia, Cambodia, Laos, Eastern Europe, Global
The aim of this policy paper is to present successful approaches to secure land tenure rights in rural and urban areas. To support future programmatic decisions by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), this paper focusses especially on impacts and good practices. It discusses examples from the German technical cooperation but also includes good practices and impacts achieved by other development partners.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsAugust, 2016Moldova, Europe
The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects
an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture
development and climate responsiveness. It aims to
achieve food security and broader development goals
under a changing climate and increasing food demand.
CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs),
and require planning to address tradeoffs and synergies
between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2013Norway, Europe
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Vietnam, Sweden, China, Ethiopia, Europe, Eastern Africa, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Germany, Europe
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2018Italy
Small-scale fisheries play a key role in ensuring food security and eradicating poverty. However, the overall development of the fisheries sector, as well as increased pressure from other sectors (e.g. tourism, aquaculture, agriculture, energy, mining, industry, infrastructure developments) with often stronger political or economic influence, has contributed to a decline in aquatic resources and threats to aquatic habitats, ecosystems and small-scale fisheries community livelihoods.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 2019Kenya, Tanzania, Burkina Faso, Benin, Nepal, South Africa, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Mozambique, Thailand, Madagascar, China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Ghana, Senegal, Cameroon, Norway, Cambodia
Milones de personas de todo el mundo dependen de recursos naturales, como la tierra, la pesca y los bosques, que se utilizan de manera colectiva como propiedades<p></p>comunales. Estas son fundamentales para la cultura, el bienestar y la identidad cultural. Como fuente de alimentos e ingresos, constituyen una importante red de seguridad, en particular para las personas más vulnerables y marginadas.
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