À travers le monde, des millions de personnes dépendent des ressources naturelles telles que les terres, les pêches et les forêts, qui sont utilisées collectivement comme des biens communs. Les biens communs sont essentiels à la culture, à l’identité et au bien-être. Source de nourriture et de revenus, ils agissent comme un important filet de sécurité, surtout pour les populations les plus marginalisées et les plus vulnérables.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Kenya, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Philippines, South Africa, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Thailand, Madagascar, China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Norway, Ghana, Iran, India, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Cambodia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksApril, 2018Mozambique, Philippines, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Ghana, India, Republic of Korea, Colombia, Brazil, Cuba, Asia
This study draws on some case studies of land reforms in different South Asian countries. These reforms came on the national and international agenda in a major way in the post- World-War II period and were led by the transition theory, requiring agriculture to provide both surplus and labor for the growth of a modern industrial economy and leading to focus on efficiency in agricultural production (which would release resources -capital and labor- for investment in the modern industrial sector), rather than on distribution.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJuly, 2018Dominica, Burkina Faso, Honduras, Belgium, Uzbekistan, South Africa, Lesotho, Uganda, Spain, Zimbabwe, Denmark, Germany, Tanzania, Zambia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Senegal, Italy, Brazil, Switzerland
From the outset, the development of agriculture has been strongly associated with women’s endeavour. In fact, women’s contribution to agriculture goes back to the origins of farming and the domestication of animals when the first human settlements were established more than 6 000 years ago. Over the years, the division of responsibilities and labour within households and communities tended to place farming and nutrition-related tasks under women’s domain. Nowadays, in many societies women continue to be mainly responsible for family food security and nutrition.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2018Brazil
A comunidade de Pilões tem origem a partir de uma ocupação realizada por 25 famílias numa propriedade de 780,4625 hectares, situada na região de Jacobina, noroeste da Bahia, extremo Norte da Chapada Diamantina. a fazenda tiveram suas atividades encerradas em 1990, mas as famílias ocuparam em 2001 com o apoio do Movimento CETA.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2018Brazil
A região Nordeste do Tocantins, antes de ser polo agrícola do agronegócio, éacima de tudo, uma região de territórios indígenas e comunidades tradicionais. Pois,ainda no século XIX, essas terras foram ocupadas pelos povos indígenas Krahôs edepois por diversas famílias de posseiros e pequenos agricultores de origemnordestina, que encontraram nesse lugar o refrigério.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2002France, Benin, Switzerland, Chile, Ukraine, China, Australia, Ireland, Canada, Venezuela, Guinea, Colombia, Japan, Italy, Brazil, Argentina, United Kingdom, Mexico, Norway
Land and land reform cover a great range, both in terms of the geographical and development status of the countries considered, and of the variety of perspectives on the issues. The articles in this issue of Land Reform, Land Resettlement and Cooperatives reflect this breadth in a variety of ways. The articles range geographically from the paper addressing land and agrarian reform in Colombia, by Professor Darío Fajardo, to a consideration of the land reforms currently under way in Scotland, by Douglas Macmillan, Ken Thomson and Bill Slee.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2008Egypt, Bangladesh, Mauritania, Mali, China, Namibia, Peru, Russia, Niger, Kenya, Philippines, Vietnam, Japan, India, Senegal, Sudan, Brazil, Ghana
Land Tenure Working Paper 2. This document analyzes the implications for land tenure and land policy of climate change. It assesses the implications of ongoing anthropogenic climate change resulting from greenhouse gas emissions for land tenure and the role that land policy can play in climate change adaptation planning in the developing world.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Algeria, Bangladesh, Honduras, Mauritania, Chile, Germany, Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Bolivia, Ghana, Malawi, Pakistan, Rwanda, Malaysia, Uganda, Albania, Madagascar, Tanzania, Zambia, India, Tajikistan, Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Europe, Africa, Asia, Northern America
Documento de trabajo sobre la tenencia de la tierra 19. Este documento se enmarca dentro de la consulta global de las Directrices Voluntarias y su proceso de desarrollo y es una aportación para la preparación posterior de la Guía Técnica de Género. En él se contextualiza y se define el concepto de género en las Directrices Voluntarias, se trata el significado de gobernanza de tenencia desde la perspectiva de género y se identifican y analizan los temas y aspectos claves.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2008Angola, France, Nigeria, Mali, Zimbabwe, China, Germany, Indonesia, Bolivia, Ghana, Colombia, Kenya, Japan, South Africa, Malaysia, Cameroon, Tanzania, Netherlands, Argentina, India, Sudan, Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Land Tenure Working Paper 1. This document analyzes the implications for land tenure and land policy of biofuels. It examines the current and likely future impacts of the increasing spread of biofuels on access to land in producer countries, particularly for poorer rural people. It aims to pave the way for future empirical research on the links between the spread of biofuels and access to land, through developing a conceptual framework for such research and through taking stock of data available in the literature.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Angola, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, South Africa, Burundi, Zimbabwe, Denmark, Botswana, Ghana, Guinea, Sudan, Brazil, Netherlands, Africa
Land Tenure Working Paper 14: Growing land scarcity and concern about land-related conflicts and rising levels of rural impoverishment have brought land to the fore once more. The main difference with the recent past is the wide spectrum of actors who want to take part in the elaboration of the land policies, as well as the more and more recognized need to root the proposals in the particular context of each specific country. The paper, focused on African experiences, starts by discussing the importance of Land Policy Issues at Regional Level.
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