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Showing items 1 through 9 of 16.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2006
    Global

    La notion d'effondrement de l'État s'est propagée à une rapidité fulgurante ces dernières années. C'est généralement aux changements intervenant dans le contexte de la mondialisation que l'on attribue cette perte de contrôle et de légitimité de l'État. La notoriété dont jouit cette notion peut cependant faire oublier que le phénomène d'État défaillant n'est pas nouveau et qu'il

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2011
    Global

    La migration est un phénomène d’une ampleur considérable. La proportion de migrants dans la population des pays industrialisés a doublé au cours des trois dernières décennies et la somme des envois de fonds dans les pays en développement est supérieure à celle des investissements étrangers ou de l’aide internationale. Dans de nombreux pays en développement, le pourcentage de la population travaillant à l’étranger et le pourcentage du produit intérieur brut (PIB) représenté par les envois de fonds sont à deux chiffres.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2011
    Burkina Faso

    Peu de pays sont plus caractérisés par la migration et ses répercussions que le Burkina Faso. Au cours des 40 années qui ont suivi l’indépendance, la moitié de la population a fait l’expérience de la migration, qu’il s’agisse de migration transfrontalière de main-d’œuvre (essentiellement vers la Côte d’Ivoire) ou d’une réinstallation permanente dans le pays même (d’une zone rurale à une autre).

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Somalia

    Somalia is the longest known case in modern times of a country whose central state has ceased to exist for many years. Although Somalia is often said to be a country in chaos and anarchy, a new form of social organization emerged here some time ago. Indeed, many Somalis appear to have adapted well to their country's statelessness.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Sierra Leone

    After ten years of civil war in which grave human rights violations and atrocities were committed, especially against women and children, Sierra Leone was regarded as a «failed state». A massive UN peacekeeping mission managed to demobilize the combatants in 2002 and peace was restored. Public institutions have begun to resume their functions and the economy is showing signs of recovery. Nonetheless, the country's stability and structures are still fragile. So how can development cooperation contribute towards stabilizing Sierra Leone?

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia

    Afghanistan, Sierra Leone and Somalia: these three countries stand for different histories of a fragile state.The author of this article analyses different case studies to determine the various causes, such as the role of ethnic identities, claims to power by clans and other sub-state groups, or the lack of societal representation within the governments. For the author, the greatest risk to a state is violence, which can quickly spiral out of control in a weak state and lead to chaos.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    July, 2009
    Global

    In Germany, the debate about the security/development nexus is gathering pace. The reality of life in crisis regions, the management of post-conflict situations and the precautionary anticipation of demands arising in the context of crisis management all require the highest level of coordination at political and local level and on a cross-sectoral basis. Long-term improvement of this coordination, both vertical and horizontal, is the most important resource factor for these two policy areas and can be achieved without mobilising additional budget funds.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2008
    Afghanistan

    Six years after the fall of the Taliban, Afghanistan is a long way from political stability and economic progress. The decline of state influence continues, especially in rural areas; because of the security situation, aid organisations are drastically cutting back their programmes and military considerations are taking on overriding importance.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2008
    Africa

    The Horn of Africa is one of the most conflict-prone areas of the world. It is also home to about 20 million pastoralists, which keep moving with their livestock in search for grazing land and water points. Pastoral conflicts are becoming more and more serious. CEWARN - a regional mechanism for preventing conflicts - tries to close the gap between 'early warning' and 'early response'.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011

    The years of war have led to a rapid decline in the nutritional status of people in the Democratic Republic of Congo. To cover their protein requirements, the rural population in the Kivu region in the east of the country have turned to raising guinea pigs. For many families these rodents are nowadays not just a vital element of their food security, but also an essential source of income.

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