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Showing items 1 through 9 of 7.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2006
    Sierra Leone

    Après dix ans de guerre civile marquée par de graves violations des droits de l'Homme et des atrocités, en particulier sur les femmes et les enfants, la Sierra Leone était considérée comme un « État failli ». Il a fallu une intervention massive de forces armées sous mandat de l'ONU pour mener la démobilisation à bonne fin en 2002 et rétablir la paix. Les organes de l'État ont commencé à réassumer leurs fonctions et l'économie redémarre. Pourtant le pays restenstable, et les structures administratives sont fragiles.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2006
    Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia

    Afghanistan, Sierra Leone et Somalie : ces trois pays sont des États fragiles ayant des antécédents différents. L'auteur de cet article analyse ces exemples afin d'identifier les causes de leur situation, par exemple le rôle des identités ethniques, la revendication du pouvoir par des clans et d'autres groupes sousétatiques ou l'insuffisance de la représentation de la société au sein des gouvernements. Il estime que le plus grand danger pour un État est la violence qui peut rapidement déstabiliser un État faible et le précipiter dans le chaos.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2011
    Burkina Faso

    Peu de pays sont plus caractérisés par la migration et ses répercussions que le Burkina Faso. Au cours des 40 années qui ont suivi l’indépendance, la moitié de la population a fait l’expérience de la migration, qu’il s’agisse de migration transfrontalière de main-d’œuvre (essentiellement vers la Côte d’Ivoire) ou d’une réinstallation permanente dans le pays même (d’une zone rurale à une autre).

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Somalia

    Afghanistan, Sierra Leone and Somalia: these three countries stand for different histories of a fragile state.The author of this article analyses different case studies to determine the various causes, such as the role of ethnic identities, claims to power by clans and other sub-state groups, or the lack of societal representation within the governments. For the author, the greatest risk to a state is violence, which can quickly spiral out of control in a weak state and lead to chaos.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Sierra Leone

    After ten years of civil war in which grave human rights violations and atrocities were committed, especially against women and children, Sierra Leone was regarded as a «failed state». A massive UN peacekeeping mission managed to demobilize the combatants in 2002 and peace was restored. Public institutions have begun to resume their functions and the economy is showing signs of recovery. Nonetheless, the country's stability and structures are still fragile. So how can development cooperation contribute towards stabilizing Sierra Leone?

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    Burkina Faso

    Labour migration, primarily to Côte d’Ivoire, masked the high rate of natural population growth in Burkina Faso for many years. However, since a political crisis began in this neighbouring country in late 1999, many Burkinabe have returned home. This posed major challenges, especially for rural areas. In the south of the country, shrewd population policy and appropriate rural development programmes have been e? ective in meeting these challenges.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2016
    Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone is one of the least developed countries in the world and is still recovering from a civil war that ended in 2002. Increasingly, the Sierra Leonean government seeks to attract foreign investors through providing opportunities for large-scale land leases for the development of agribusiness. This has triggered a rapid transformation process that poses a considerable threat to food security and social stability. Despite being a pilot country for the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure, there is no real change on the ground as yet.

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